: In this Letter, we present the design and performance of the frequency-dependent squeezed vacuum source that will be used for the broadband quantum noise reduction of the Advanced Virgo Plus gravitational-wave detector in the upcoming observation run. The frequency-dependent squeezed field is generated by a phase rotation of a frequency-independent squeezed state through a 285 m long, high-finesse, near-detuned optical resonator. With about 8.5 dB of generated squeezing, up to 5.6 dB of quantum noise suppression has been measured at high frequency while close to the filter cavity resonance frequency, the intracavity losses limit this value to about 2 dB. Frequency-dependent squeezing is produced with a rotation frequency stability of about 6 Hz rms, which is maintained over the long term. The achieved results fulfill the frequency dependent squeezed vacuum source requirements for Advanced Virgo Plus. With the current squeezing source, considering also the estimated squeezing degradation induced by the interferometer, we expect a reduction of the quantum shot noise and radiation pressure noise of up to 4.5 dB and 2 dB, respectively.

Frequency-Dependent Squeezed Vacuum Source for the Advanced Virgo Gravitational-Wave Detector / Acernese, F; Agathos, M; Ain, A; Albanesi, S; Alléné, C; Allocca, A; Amato, A; Amra, C; Andia, M; Andrade, T; Andres, N; Andrés-Carcasona, M; Andrić, T; Ansoldi, S; Antier, S; Apostolatos, T; Appavuravther, E Z; Arène, M; Arnaud, N; Assiduo, M; Melo, S Assis de Souza; Astone, P; Aubin, F; Babak, S; Badaracco, F; Bagnasco, S; Baird, J; Baka, T; Ballardin, G; Baltus, G; Banerjee, B; Barneo, P; Barone, F; Barsuglia, M; Barta, D; Basti, A; Bawaj, M; Bazzan, M; Beirnaert, F; Bejger, M; Benedetto, V; Berbel, M; Bernuzzi, S; Bersanetti, D; Bertolini, A; Bhardwaj, U; Bianchi, A; Bilicki, M; Bini, S; Bischi, M; Bitossi, M; Bizouard, M-A; Bobba, F; Boër, M; Bogaert, G; Boileau, G; Boldrini, M; Bonavena, L D; Bondarescu, R; Bondu, F; Bonnand, R; Boschi, V; Boudart, V; Bouffanais, Y; Bozzi, A; Bradaschia, C; Braglia, M; Branchesi, M; Breschi, M; Briant, T; Brillet, A; Brooks, J; Bruno, G; Bucci, F; Bulashenko, O; Bulik, T; Bulten, H J; Buscicchio, R; Buskulic, D; Buy, C; Cabras, G; Cabrita, R; Cagnoli, G; Calloni, E; Canepa, M; Santoro, G Caneva; Cannavacciuolo, M; Capocasa, E; Carapella, G; Carbognani, F; Carpinelli, M; Carullo, G; Diaz, J Casanueva; Casentini, C; Caudill, S; Cavalieri, R; Cella, G; Cerdá-Durán, P; Cesarini, E; Chaibi, W; Chanial, P; Chassande-Mottin, E; Chaty, S; Chessa, P; Chiadini, F; Chiarini, G; Chierici, R; Chincarini, A; Chiofalo, M L; Chiummo, A; Christensen, N; Chua, S; Ciani, G; Ciecielag, P; Cieślar, M; Cifaldi, M; Ciolfi, R; Clesse, S; Cleva, F; Coccia, E; Codazzo, E; Cohadon, P-F; Colombo, A; Colpi, M; Conti, L; Cordero-Carrión, I; Corezzi, S; Cortese, S; Coulon, J-P; Coupechoux, J-F; Croquette, M; Cudell, J R; Cuoco, E; Curyło, M; Dabadie, P; Canton, T Dal; Dall'Osso, S; Dálya, G; D'Angelo, B; Dangoisse, G; Danilishin, S; D'Antonio, S; Dattilo, V; Davier, M; Degallaix, J; De Laurentis, M; Deléglise, S; De Lillo, F; Dell'Aquila, D; Del Pozzo, W; De Matteis, F; Depasse, A; De Pietri, R; De Rosa, R; De Rossi, C; De Simone, R; Di Fiore, L; Di Giorgio, C; Di Giovanni, F; Di Giovanni, M; Di Girolamo, T; Diksha, D; Di Lieto, A; Di Michele, A; Ding, J; Di Pace, S; Di Palma, I; Di Renzo, F; D'Onofrio, L; Dooney, T; Dorosh, O; Drago, M; Ducoin, J-G; Dupletsa, U; Durante, O; D'Urso, D; Duverne, P-A; Eisenmann, M; Errico, L; Estevez, D; Fabrizi, F; Faedi, F; Fafone, V; Favaro, G; Fays, M; Fenyvesi, E; Ferrante, I; Fidecaro, F; Figura, P; Fiori, A; Fiori, I; Fittipaldi, R; Fiumara, V; Flaminio, R; Font, J A; Frasca, S; Frasconi, F; Freise, A; Freitas, O; Fronzé, G G; Gadre, B; Gamba, R; Garaventa, B; Garcia-Bellido, J; Gargiulo, J; Garufi, F; Gasbarra, C; Gemme, G; Gennai, A; Ghosh, Archisman; Giacoppo, L; Giri, P; Gissi, F; Gkaitatzis, S; Glotin, F; Goncharov, B; Gosselin, M; Gouaty, R; Grado, A; Granata, M; Granata, V; Greco, G; Grignani, G; Grimaldi, A; Guerra, D; Guetta, D; Guidi, G M; Gulminelli, F; Guo, Y; Gupta, P; Gutierrez, N; Haegel, L; Halim, O; Hannuksela, O; Harder, T; Haris, K; Harmark, T; Harms, J; Haskell, B; Heidmann, A; Heitmann, H; Hello, P; Hemming, G; Hennes, E; Hennig, J-S; Hennig, M; Hild, S; Hofman, D; Holland, N A; Hui, V; Iandolo, G A; Idzkowski, B; Iess, A; Iorio, G; Iosif, P; Jacqmin, T; Jacquet, P-E; Janquart, J; Janssens, K; Jaraba, S; Jaranowski, P; Jasal, P; Juste, V; Kalaghatgi, C; Karathanasis, C; Katsanevas, S; Kéfélian, F; Koekoek, G; Koley, S; Kolstein, M; Kranzhoff, S L; Królak, A; Kuijer, P; Kuroyanagi, S; Lagabbe, P; Laghi, D; Lalleman, M; Lamberts, A; La Rana, A; La Rosa, I; Lartaux-Vollard, A; Lazzaro, C; Leaci, P; Lemaître, A; Lenti, M; Leonova, E; Lequime, M; Leroy, N; Letendre, N; Lethuillier, M; Leyde, K; Linde, F; London, L; Longo, A; Portilla, M Lopez; Lorenzini, M; Loriette, V; Losurdo, G; Lumaca, D; Macquet, A; Magazzù, C; Maggiore, R; Magnozzi, M; Majorana, E; Man, N; Mangano, V; Mantovani, M; Mapelli, M; Marchesoni, F; Pina, D Marín; Marion, F; Marquina, A; Marsat, S; Martelli, F; Martinez, M; Martinez, V; Masserot, A; Mastrodicasa, M; Mastrogiovanni, S; Meijer, Q; Menendez-Vazquez, A; Mereni, L; Merzougui, M; Miani, A; Michel, C; Miller, A; Miller, B; Milotti, E; Minenkov, Y; Mir, Ll M; Miravet-Tenés, M; Mitchell, A L; Mondal, C; Montani, M; Morawski, F; Morras, G; Moscatello, A; Mours, B; Mow-Lowry, C M; Msihid, E; Muciaccia, F; Mukherjee, Suvodip; Nagar, A; Napolano, V; Nardecchia, I; Narola, H; Naticchioni, L; Neilson, J; Nesseris, S; Nguyen, C; Nieradka, G; Nissanke, S; Nitoglia, E; Nocera, F; Novak, J; No Siles, J F Nu; Oertel, M; Oganesyan, G; Oliveri, R; Orselli, M; Palomba, C; Pang, P T H; Pannarale, F; Paoletti, F; Paoli, A; Paolone, A; Pappas, G; Parisi, A; Pascucci, D; Pasqualetti, A; Passaquieti, R; Passuello, D; Patricelli, B; Pedurand, R; Pegna, R; Pegoraro, M; Perego, A; Pereira, A; Périgois, C; Perreca, A; Perriès, S; Perry, J W; Pesios, D; Petrillo, C; Phukon, K S; Piccinni, O J; Pichot, M; Piendibene, M; Piergiovanni, F; Pierini, L; Pierra, G; Pierro, V; Pillant, G; Pillas, M; Pilo, F; Pinard, L; Pinto, I M; Pinto, M; Pinto, M; Piotrzkowski, K; Placidi, A; Placidi, E; Plastino, W; Poggiani, R; Polini, E; Porcelli, E; Portell, J; Porter, E K; Poulton, R; Pracchia, M; Pradier, T; Principe, M; Prodi, G A; Prosposito, P; Puecher, A; Punturo, M; Puosi, F; Puppo, P; Raaijmakers, G; Radulesco, N; Rapagnani, P; Razzano, M; Regimbau, T; Rei, L; Rettegno, P; Revenu, B; Reza, A; Rezaei, A S; Ricci, F; Rinaldi, S; Robinet, F; Rocchi, A; Rolland, L; Romanelli, M; Romano, R; Romero, A; Ronchini, S; Rosa, L; Rosińska, D; Roy, S; Rozza, D; Ruggi, P; Morales, E Ruiz; Saffarieh, P; Salafia, O S; Salconi, L; Salemi, F; Sallé, M; Samajdar, A; Sanchis-Gual, N; Sanuy, A; Sasli, A; Sassi, P; Sassolas, B; Sayah, S; Schmidt, S; Seglar-Arroyo, M; Sentenac, D; Sequino, V; Servignat, G; Setyawati, Y; Shcheblanov, N S; Sieniawska, M; Silenzi, L; Singh, N; Singha, A; Sipala, V; Soldateschi, J; Sordini, V; Sorrentino, F; Sorrentino, N; Soulard, R; Spagnuolo, V; Spera, M; Spinicelli, P; Stachie, C; Steer, D A; Steinlechner, J; Steinlechner, S; Stergioulas, N; Stratta, G; Suchenek, M; Sur, A; Suresh, J; Swinkels, B L; Syx, A; Szewczyk, P; Tacca, M; Tamanini, N; Tanasijczuk, A J; Martín, E N Tapia San; Taranto, C; Tonelli, M; Torres-Forné, A; E Melo, I Tosta; Tournefier, E; Trapananti, A; Travasso, F; Trenado, J; Tringali, M C; Troiano, L; Trovato, A; Trozzo, L; Tsang, K W; Turbang, K; Turconi, M; Turski, C; Ubach, H; Utina, A; Valentini, M; Vallero, S; van Bakel, N; van Beuzekom, M; van Dael, M; van den Brand, J F J; Van Den Broeck, C; van der Sluys, M; Van de Walle, A; van Dongen, J; van Haevermaet, H; van Heijningen, J V; van Ranst, Z; van Remortel, N; Vardaro, M; Vasúth, M; Vedovato, G; Verdier, P; Verkindt, D; Verma, P; Vetrano, F; Viceré, A; Vinet, J-Y; Viret, S; Virtuoso, A; Vocca, H; Walet, R C; Was, M; Yadav, N; Zadrożny, A; Zelenova, T; Zendri, J-P; Zhao, Y; Zerrad, M; Vahlbruch, H; Mehmet, M; Lück, H; Danzmann, K. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS. - ISSN 0031-9007. - ELETTRONICO. - 131:(2023), pp. 0-0. [10.1103/PhysRevLett.131.041403]

Frequency-Dependent Squeezed Vacuum Source for the Advanced Virgo Gravitational-Wave Detector

Lenti, M
;
2023

Abstract

: In this Letter, we present the design and performance of the frequency-dependent squeezed vacuum source that will be used for the broadband quantum noise reduction of the Advanced Virgo Plus gravitational-wave detector in the upcoming observation run. The frequency-dependent squeezed field is generated by a phase rotation of a frequency-independent squeezed state through a 285 m long, high-finesse, near-detuned optical resonator. With about 8.5 dB of generated squeezing, up to 5.6 dB of quantum noise suppression has been measured at high frequency while close to the filter cavity resonance frequency, the intracavity losses limit this value to about 2 dB. Frequency-dependent squeezing is produced with a rotation frequency stability of about 6 Hz rms, which is maintained over the long term. The achieved results fulfill the frequency dependent squeezed vacuum source requirements for Advanced Virgo Plus. With the current squeezing source, considering also the estimated squeezing degradation induced by the interferometer, we expect a reduction of the quantum shot noise and radiation pressure noise of up to 4.5 dB and 2 dB, respectively.
2023
131
0
0
Acernese, F; Agathos, M; Ain, A; Albanesi, S; Alléné, C; Allocca, A; Amato, A; Amra, C; Andia, M; Andrade, T; Andres, N; Andrés-Carcasona, M; Andrić, T; Ansoldi, S; Antier, S; Apostolatos, T; Appavuravther, E Z; Arène, M; Arnaud, N; Assiduo, M; Melo, S Assis de Souza; Astone, P; Aubin, F; Babak, S; Badaracco, F; Bagnasco, S; Baird, J; Baka, T; Ballardin, G; Baltus, G; Banerjee, B; Barneo, P; Barone, F; Barsuglia, M; Barta, D; Basti, A; Bawaj, M; Bazzan, M; Beirnaert, F; Bejger, M; Benedetto, V; Berbel, M; Bernuzzi, S; Bersanetti, D; Bertolini, A; Bhardwaj, U; Bianchi, A; Bilicki, M; Bini, S; Bischi, M; Bitossi, M; Bizouard, M-A; Bobba, F; Boër, M; Bogaert, G; Boileau, G; Boldrini, M; Bonavena, L D; Bondarescu, R; Bondu, F; Bonnand, R; Boschi, V; Boudart, V; Bouffanais, Y; Bozzi, A; Bradaschia, C; Braglia, M; Branchesi, M; Breschi, M; Briant, T; Brillet, A; Brooks, J; Bruno, G; Bucci, F; Bulashenko, O; Bulik, T; Bulten, H J; Buscicchio, R; Buskulic, D; Buy, C; Cabras, G; Cabrita, R; Cagnoli, G; Calloni, E; Canepa, M; Santoro, G Caneva; Cannavacciuolo, M; Capocasa, E; Carapella, G; Carbognani, F; Carpinelli, M; Carullo, G; Diaz, J Casanueva; Casentini, C; Caudill, S; Cavalieri, R; Cella, G; Cerdá-Durán, P; Cesarini, E; Chaibi, W; Chanial, P; Chassande-Mottin, E; Chaty, S; Chessa, P; Chiadini, F; Chiarini, G; Chierici, R; Chincarini, A; Chiofalo, M L; Chiummo, A; Christensen, N; Chua, S; Ciani, G; Ciecielag, P; Cieślar, M; Cifaldi, M; Ciolfi, R; Clesse, S; Cleva, F; Coccia, E; Codazzo, E; Cohadon, P-F; Colombo, A; Colpi, M; Conti, L; Cordero-Carrión, I; Corezzi, S; Cortese, S; Coulon, J-P; Coupechoux, J-F; Croquette, M; Cudell, J R; Cuoco, E; Curyło, M; Dabadie, P; Canton, T Dal; Dall'Osso, S; Dálya, G; D'Angelo, B; Dangoisse, G; Danilishin, S; D'Antonio, S; Dattilo, V; Davier, M; Degallaix, J; De Laurentis, M; Deléglise, S; De Lillo, F; Dell'Aquila, D; Del Pozzo, W; De Matteis, F; Depasse, A; De Pietri, R; De Rosa, R; De Rossi, C; De Simone, R; Di Fiore, L; Di Giorgio, C; Di Giovanni, F; Di Giovanni, M; Di Girolamo, T; Diksha, D; Di Lieto, A; Di Michele, A; Ding, J; Di Pace, S; Di Palma, I; Di Renzo, F; D'Onofrio, L; Dooney, T; Dorosh, O; Drago, M; Ducoin, J-G; Dupletsa, U; Durante, O; D'Urso, D; Duverne, P-A; Eisenmann, M; Errico, L; Estevez, D; Fabrizi, F; Faedi, F; Fafone, V; Favaro, G; Fays, M; Fenyvesi, E; Ferrante, I; Fidecaro, F; Figura, P; Fiori, A; Fiori, I; Fittipaldi, R; Fiumara, V; Flaminio, R; Font, J A; Frasca, S; Frasconi, F; Freise, A; Freitas, O; Fronzé, G G; Gadre, B; Gamba, R; Garaventa, B; Garcia-Bellido, J; Gargiulo, J; Garufi, F; Gasbarra, C; Gemme, G; Gennai, A; Ghosh, Archisman; Giacoppo, L; Giri, P; Gissi, F; Gkaitatzis, S; Glotin, F; Goncharov, B; Gosselin, M; Gouaty, R; Grado, A; Granata, M; Granata, V; Greco, G; Grignani, G; Grimaldi, A; Guerra, D; Guetta, D; Guidi, G M; Gulminelli, F; Guo, Y; Gupta, P; Gutierrez, N; Haegel, L; Halim, O; Hannuksela, O; Harder, T; Haris, K; Harmark, T; Harms, J; Haskell, B; Heidmann, A; Heitmann, H; Hello, P; Hemming, G; Hennes, E; Hennig, J-S; Hennig, M; Hild, S; Hofman, D; Holland, N A; Hui, V; Iandolo, G A; Idzkowski, B; Iess, A; Iorio, G; Iosif, P; Jacqmin, T; Jacquet, P-E; Janquart, J; Janssens, K; Jaraba, S; Jaranowski, P; Jasal, P; Juste, V; Kalaghatgi, C; Karathanasis, C; Katsanevas, S; Kéfélian, F; Koekoek, G; Koley, S; Kolstein, M; Kranzhoff, S L; Królak, A; Kuijer, P; Kuroyanagi, S; Lagabbe, P; Laghi, D; Lalleman, M; Lamberts, A; La Rana, A; La Rosa, I; Lartaux-Vollard, A; Lazzaro, C; Leaci, P; Lemaître, A; Lenti, M; Leonova, E; Lequime, M; Leroy, N; Letendre, N; Lethuillier, M; Leyde, K; Linde, F; London, L; Longo, A; Portilla, M Lopez; Lorenzini, M; Loriette, V; Losurdo, G; Lumaca, D; Macquet, A; Magazzù, C; Maggiore, R; Magnozzi, M; Majorana, E; Man, N; Mangano, V; Mantovani, M; Mapelli, M; Marchesoni, F; Pina, D Marín; Marion, F; Marquina, A; Marsat, S; Martelli, F; Martinez, M; Martinez, V; Masserot, A; Mastrodicasa, M; Mastrogiovanni, S; Meijer, Q; Menendez-Vazquez, A; Mereni, L; Merzougui, M; Miani, A; Michel, C; Miller, A; Miller, B; Milotti, E; Minenkov, Y; Mir, Ll M; Miravet-Tenés, M; Mitchell, A L; Mondal, C; Montani, M; Morawski, F; Morras, G; Moscatello, A; Mours, B; Mow-Lowry, C M; Msihid, E; Muciaccia, F; Mukherjee, Suvodip; Nagar, A; Napolano, V; Nardecchia, I; Narola, H; Naticchioni, L; Neilson, J; Nesseris, S; Nguyen, C; Nieradka, G; Nissanke, S; Nitoglia, E; Nocera, F; Novak, J; No Siles, J F Nu; Oertel, M; Oganesyan, G; Oliveri, R; Orselli, M; Palomba, C; Pang, P T H; Pannarale, F; Paoletti, F; Paoli, A; Paolone, A; Pappas, G; Parisi, A; Pascucci, D; Pasqualetti, A; Passaquieti, R; Passuello, D; Patricelli, B; Pedurand, R; Pegna, R; Pegoraro, M; Perego, A; Pereira, A; Périgois, C; Perreca, A; Perriès, S; Perry, J W; Pesios, D; Petrillo, C; Phukon, K S; Piccinni, O J; Pichot, M; Piendibene, M; Piergiovanni, F; Pierini, L; Pierra, G; Pierro, V; Pillant, G; Pillas, M; Pilo, F; Pinard, L; Pinto, I M; Pinto, M; Pinto, M; Piotrzkowski, K; Placidi, A; Placidi, E; Plastino, W; Poggiani, R; Polini, E; Porcelli, E; Portell, J; Porter, E K; Poulton, R; Pracchia, M; Pradier, T; Principe, M; Prodi, G A; Prosposito, P; Puecher, A; Punturo, M; Puosi, F; Puppo, P; Raaijmakers, G; Radulesco, N; Rapagnani, P; Razzano, M; Regimbau, T; Rei, L; Rettegno, P; Revenu, B; Reza, A; Rezaei, A S; Ricci, F; Rinaldi, S; Robinet, F; Rocchi, A; Rolland, L; Romanelli, M; Romano, R; Romero, A; Ronchini, S; Rosa, L; Rosińska, D; Roy, S; Rozza, D; Ruggi, P; Morales, E Ruiz; Saffarieh, P; Salafia, O S; Salconi, L; Salemi, F; Sallé, M; Samajdar, A; Sanchis-Gual, N; Sanuy, A; Sasli, A; Sassi, P; Sassolas, B; Sayah, S; Schmidt, S; Seglar-Arroyo, M; Sentenac, D; Sequino, V; Servignat, G; Setyawati, Y; Shcheblanov, N S; Sieniawska, M; Silenzi, L; Singh, N; Singha, A; Sipala, V; Soldateschi, J; Sordini, V; Sorrentino, F; Sorrentino, N; Soulard, R; Spagnuolo, V; Spera, M; Spinicelli, P; Stachie, C; Steer, D A; Steinlechner, J; Steinlechner, S; Stergioulas, N; Stratta, G; Suchenek, M; Sur, A; Suresh, J; Swinkels, B L; Syx, A; Szewczyk, P; Tacca, M; Tamanini, N; Tanasijczuk, A J; Martín, E N Tapia San; Taranto, C; Tonelli, M; Torres-Forné, A; E Melo, I Tosta; Tournefier, E; Trapananti, A; Travasso, F; Trenado, J; Tringali, M C; Troiano, L; Trovato, A; Trozzo, L; Tsang, K W; Turbang, K; Turconi, M; Turski, C; Ubach, H; Utina, A; Valentini, M; Vallero, S; van Bakel, N; van Beuzekom, M; van Dael, M; van den Brand, J F J; Van Den Broeck, C; van der Sluys, M; Van de Walle, A; van Dongen, J; van Haevermaet, H; van Heijningen, J V; van Ranst, Z; van Remortel, N; Vardaro, M; Vasúth, M; Vedovato, G; Verdier, P; Verkindt, D; Verma, P; Vetrano, F; Viceré, A; Vinet, J-Y; Viret, S; Virtuoso, A; Vocca, H; Walet, R C; Was, M; Yadav, N; Zadrożny, A; Zelenova, T; Zendri, J-P; Zhao, Y; Zerrad, M; Vahlbruch, H; Mehmet, M; Lück, H; Danzmann, K
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