Background and aims: In order to systematically review the latest evidence on anesthesia, intraoperative neurologic monitoring, postoperative heparin reversal, and postoperative blood pressure management for carotid endarterectomy. The present review is based on a single chapter of the Italian Health Institute Guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of extracranial carotid stenosis and stroke prevention. Methods and results: A systematic article review focused on the previously cited topics published between January 2016 and October 2020 has been performed; we looked for both primary and secondary studies in the extensive archive of Medline/PubMed and Cochrane library databases. We selected 14 systematic reviews and meta-analyses, 13 randomized controlled trials, 8 observational studies, and 1 narrative review. Based on this analysis, syntheses of the available evidence were shared and recommendations were indicated complying with the GRADE-SIGN version methodology. Conclusions: From this up-to-date analysis, it has emerged that any type of anesthesia and neurological monitoring method is related to a better outcome after carotid endarterectomy. In addition, insufficient evidence was found to justify reversal or no-reversal of heparin at the end of surgery. Furthermore, despite a low evidence level, a suggestion for blood pressure monitoring in the postoperative period was formulated.

Anesthetic management of carotid endarterectomy: an update from Italian guidelines / Bevilacqua S, Ticozzelli G, Orso M, Alba G, Capoccia L, Cappelli A, Cernetti C, Diomedi M, Dorigo W, Faggioli G, Giannace G, Giannandrea D, Giannetta M, Lessiani G, Marone EM, Mazzaccaro D, Migliacci R, Nano G, Pagliariccio G, Petruzzellis M, Plutino A, Pomatto S, Pulli R, Sirignano P, Vacirca A, Visco E, Moghadam SP, Lanza G, Lanza J. - In: JOURNAL OF ANESTHESIA, ANALGESIA AND CRITICAL CARE. - ISSN 2731-3786. - STAMPA. - (2022), pp. 1-12.

Anesthetic management of carotid endarterectomy: an update from Italian guidelines.

Bevilacqua S;Dorigo W;Pulli R;
2022

Abstract

Background and aims: In order to systematically review the latest evidence on anesthesia, intraoperative neurologic monitoring, postoperative heparin reversal, and postoperative blood pressure management for carotid endarterectomy. The present review is based on a single chapter of the Italian Health Institute Guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of extracranial carotid stenosis and stroke prevention. Methods and results: A systematic article review focused on the previously cited topics published between January 2016 and October 2020 has been performed; we looked for both primary and secondary studies in the extensive archive of Medline/PubMed and Cochrane library databases. We selected 14 systematic reviews and meta-analyses, 13 randomized controlled trials, 8 observational studies, and 1 narrative review. Based on this analysis, syntheses of the available evidence were shared and recommendations were indicated complying with the GRADE-SIGN version methodology. Conclusions: From this up-to-date analysis, it has emerged that any type of anesthesia and neurological monitoring method is related to a better outcome after carotid endarterectomy. In addition, insufficient evidence was found to justify reversal or no-reversal of heparin at the end of surgery. Furthermore, despite a low evidence level, a suggestion for blood pressure monitoring in the postoperative period was formulated.
2022
1
12
Bevilacqua S, Ticozzelli G, Orso M, Alba G, Capoccia L, Cappelli A, Cernetti C, Diomedi M, Dorigo W, Faggioli G, Giannace G, Giannandrea D, Giannetta M, Lessiani G, Marone EM, Mazzaccaro D, Migliacci R, Nano G, Pagliariccio G, Petruzzellis M, Plutino A, Pomatto S, Pulli R, Sirignano P, Vacirca A, Visco E, Moghadam SP, Lanza G, Lanza J
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1333211
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