Detecting signs of residual neural activity in patients with altered states of consciousness is a crucial issue for the customization of neurorehabilitation treatments and clinical decision-making. With this large observational prospective study, we propose an innovative approach to detect residual signs of consciousness via the assessment of the amount of autonomic information coded within the brain. The latter was estimated by computing the mutual information (MI) between preprocessed EEG and ECG signals, to be then compared across consciousness groups, together with the absolute power and an international qualitative labeling. One-hundred seventy-four patients (73 females, 42%) were included in the study (median age of 65 years [IQR = 20], MCS +: 29, MCS -: 23, UWS: 29). Electroencephalography (EEG) information content was found to be mostly related to the coding of electrocardiography (ECG) activity, i.e., with higher MI (p < 0.05), in Unresponsive Wakefulness Syndrome and Minimally Consciousness State minus (MCS -). EEG-ECG MI, besides clearly discriminating patients in an MCS - and +, significantly differed between lesioned areas (sides) in a subgroup of unilateral hemorrhagic patients. Crucially, such an accessible and non-invasive measure of residual consciousness signs was robust across electrodes and patient groups. Consequently, exiting from a strictly neuro-centric consciousness detection approach may be the key to provide complementary insights for the objective assessment of patients' consciousness levels and for the patient-specific planning of rehabilitative interventions.

Neural coding of autonomic functions in different states of consciousness / Liuzzi, Piergiuseppe; Hakiki, Bahia; Scarpino, Maenia; Burali, Rachele; Maiorelli, Antonio; Draghi, Francesca; Romoli, Anna Maria; Grippo, Antonello; Cecchi, Francesca; Mannini, Andrea. - In: JOURNAL OF NEUROENGINEERING AND REHABILITATION. - ISSN 1743-0003. - ELETTRONICO. - 20:(2023), pp. 96-0. [10.1186/s12984-023-01216-6]

Neural coding of autonomic functions in different states of consciousness

Hakiki, Bahia;Scarpino, Maenia;Romoli, Anna Maria;Grippo, Antonello;Cecchi, Francesca;Mannini, Andrea
2023

Abstract

Detecting signs of residual neural activity in patients with altered states of consciousness is a crucial issue for the customization of neurorehabilitation treatments and clinical decision-making. With this large observational prospective study, we propose an innovative approach to detect residual signs of consciousness via the assessment of the amount of autonomic information coded within the brain. The latter was estimated by computing the mutual information (MI) between preprocessed EEG and ECG signals, to be then compared across consciousness groups, together with the absolute power and an international qualitative labeling. One-hundred seventy-four patients (73 females, 42%) were included in the study (median age of 65 years [IQR = 20], MCS +: 29, MCS -: 23, UWS: 29). Electroencephalography (EEG) information content was found to be mostly related to the coding of electrocardiography (ECG) activity, i.e., with higher MI (p < 0.05), in Unresponsive Wakefulness Syndrome and Minimally Consciousness State minus (MCS -). EEG-ECG MI, besides clearly discriminating patients in an MCS - and +, significantly differed between lesioned areas (sides) in a subgroup of unilateral hemorrhagic patients. Crucially, such an accessible and non-invasive measure of residual consciousness signs was robust across electrodes and patient groups. Consequently, exiting from a strictly neuro-centric consciousness detection approach may be the key to provide complementary insights for the objective assessment of patients' consciousness levels and for the patient-specific planning of rehabilitative interventions.
2023
20
96
0
Liuzzi, Piergiuseppe; Hakiki, Bahia; Scarpino, Maenia; Burali, Rachele; Maiorelli, Antonio; Draghi, Francesca; Romoli, Anna Maria; Grippo, Antonello; Cecchi, Francesca; Mannini, Andrea
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1339746
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