Preliminary evidence in the literature suggests a high prevalence of malnutrition (undernutrition) in patients with severe acquired brain injuries (sABI), with an expected negative impact on clinical outcomes and pressure ulcers (PUs) in particular. In a retrospective cohort study on patients discharged from intensive care units (ICU) and admitted to an intensive rehabilitation unit (IRU), the risk of malnutrition was systematically assessed, in addition to standard clinical procedures (including PUs evaluation), using two different tools: the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) and the Controlling Nutritional Status (CONUT) tool. Eighty-eight patients were included in the analysis. A high proportion (79.5%) of patients with sABI suffered from PUs, being older and more frequently men, with a longer ICU stay between the event and admission to IRU, and a greater MUST score. At discharge, when compared to patients whose PUs had healed, those with persisting PUs were more often men and had the worst cognitive performance at admission. As for nutritional risk, the baseline CONUT score was identified as an independent negative predictor of PUs at discharge by the logistic regression model. In conclusion, the assessment of nutritional risk using simple standard tools may be useful in the clinical evaluation of sABI patients with PUs.

Relationship between Nutritional Risk, Clinical and Demographic Characteristics, and Pressure Ulcers in Patients with Severe Acquired Brain Injuries Attending a Rehabilitative Program / Gheri, Chiara Francesca; Scalfi, Luca; Biffi, Barbara; Pancani, Silvia; Madiai, Sara; Di Vincenzo, Olivia; Ghaderi, Michele; Celoni, Rebecca; Dalladonna, Mara; Draghi, Francesca; Maccanti, Daniela; Macchi, Claudio; Romoli, Anna Maria; Cecchi, Francesca; Hakiki, Bahia; Luisi, Maria Luisa Eliana. - In: NUTRIENTS. - ISSN 2072-6643. - ELETTRONICO. - 15:(2023), pp. 3336-0. [10.3390/nu15153336]

Relationship between Nutritional Risk, Clinical and Demographic Characteristics, and Pressure Ulcers in Patients with Severe Acquired Brain Injuries Attending a Rehabilitative Program

Gheri, Chiara Francesca;Biffi, Barbara;Pancani, Silvia;Ghaderi, Michele;Macchi, Claudio;Romoli, Anna Maria;Cecchi, Francesca;Hakiki, Bahia;Luisi, Maria Luisa Eliana
2023

Abstract

Preliminary evidence in the literature suggests a high prevalence of malnutrition (undernutrition) in patients with severe acquired brain injuries (sABI), with an expected negative impact on clinical outcomes and pressure ulcers (PUs) in particular. In a retrospective cohort study on patients discharged from intensive care units (ICU) and admitted to an intensive rehabilitation unit (IRU), the risk of malnutrition was systematically assessed, in addition to standard clinical procedures (including PUs evaluation), using two different tools: the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) and the Controlling Nutritional Status (CONUT) tool. Eighty-eight patients were included in the analysis. A high proportion (79.5%) of patients with sABI suffered from PUs, being older and more frequently men, with a longer ICU stay between the event and admission to IRU, and a greater MUST score. At discharge, when compared to patients whose PUs had healed, those with persisting PUs were more often men and had the worst cognitive performance at admission. As for nutritional risk, the baseline CONUT score was identified as an independent negative predictor of PUs at discharge by the logistic regression model. In conclusion, the assessment of nutritional risk using simple standard tools may be useful in the clinical evaluation of sABI patients with PUs.
2023
15
3336
0
Gheri, Chiara Francesca; Scalfi, Luca; Biffi, Barbara; Pancani, Silvia; Madiai, Sara; Di Vincenzo, Olivia; Ghaderi, Michele; Celoni, Rebecca; Dalladonna, Mara; Draghi, Francesca; Maccanti, Daniela; Macchi, Claudio; Romoli, Anna Maria; Cecchi, Francesca; Hakiki, Bahia; Luisi, Maria Luisa Eliana
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in FLORE sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1339747
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact