: Objective.Brain-injured patients may enter a state of minimal or inconsistent awareness termed minimally conscious state (MCS). Such patient may (MCS+) or may not (MCS-) exhibit high-level behavioral responses, and the two groups retain two inherently different rehabilitative paths and expected outcomes. We hypothesized that brain complexity may be treated as a proxy of high-level cognition and thus could be used as a neural correlate of consciousness.Approach.In this prospective observational study, 68 MCS patients (MCS-: 30; women: 31) were included (median [IQR] age 69 [20]; time post-onset 83 [28]). At admission to intensive rehabilitation, 30 min resting-state closed-eyes recordings were performed together with consciousness diagnosis following international guidelines. The width of the multifractal singularity spectrum (MSS) was computed for each channel time series and entered nested cross-validated interpretable machine learning models targeting the differential diagnosis of MCS±.Main results.Frontal MSS widths (p< 0.05), as well as the ones deriving from the left centro-temporal network (C3:p= 0.018, T3:p= 0.017; T5:p= 0.003) were found to be significantly higher in the MCS+ cohort. The best performing solution was found to be the K-nearest neighbor model with an aggregated test accuracy of 75.5% (median [IQR] AuROC for 100 executions 0.88 [0.02]). Coherently, the electrodes with highest Shapley values were found to be Fz and Cz, with four out the first five ranked features belonging to the fronto-central network.Significance.MCS+ is a frequent condition associated with a notably better prognosis than the MCS-. High fractality in the left centro-temporal network results coherent with neurological networks involved in the language function, proper of MCS+ patients. Using EEG-based interpretable algorithm to complement differential diagnosis of consciousness may improve rehabilitation pathways and communications with caregivers.

EEG fractal dimensions predict high-level behavioral responses in minimally conscious patients / Liuzzi, Piergiuseppe; Hakiki, Bahia; Draghi, Francesca; Romoli, Anna Maria; Burali, Rachele; Scarpino, Maenia; Cecchi, Francesca; Grippo, Antonello; Mannini, Andrea. - In: JOURNAL OF NEURAL ENGINEERING. - ISSN 1741-2552. - ELETTRONICO. - 20:(2023), pp. 0-0. [10.1088/1741-2552/aceaac]

EEG fractal dimensions predict high-level behavioral responses in minimally conscious patients

Hakiki, Bahia;Romoli, Anna Maria;Scarpino, Maenia;Cecchi, Francesca;Grippo, Antonello;Mannini, Andrea
2023

Abstract

: Objective.Brain-injured patients may enter a state of minimal or inconsistent awareness termed minimally conscious state (MCS). Such patient may (MCS+) or may not (MCS-) exhibit high-level behavioral responses, and the two groups retain two inherently different rehabilitative paths and expected outcomes. We hypothesized that brain complexity may be treated as a proxy of high-level cognition and thus could be used as a neural correlate of consciousness.Approach.In this prospective observational study, 68 MCS patients (MCS-: 30; women: 31) were included (median [IQR] age 69 [20]; time post-onset 83 [28]). At admission to intensive rehabilitation, 30 min resting-state closed-eyes recordings were performed together with consciousness diagnosis following international guidelines. The width of the multifractal singularity spectrum (MSS) was computed for each channel time series and entered nested cross-validated interpretable machine learning models targeting the differential diagnosis of MCS±.Main results.Frontal MSS widths (p< 0.05), as well as the ones deriving from the left centro-temporal network (C3:p= 0.018, T3:p= 0.017; T5:p= 0.003) were found to be significantly higher in the MCS+ cohort. The best performing solution was found to be the K-nearest neighbor model with an aggregated test accuracy of 75.5% (median [IQR] AuROC for 100 executions 0.88 [0.02]). Coherently, the electrodes with highest Shapley values were found to be Fz and Cz, with four out the first five ranked features belonging to the fronto-central network.Significance.MCS+ is a frequent condition associated with a notably better prognosis than the MCS-. High fractality in the left centro-temporal network results coherent with neurological networks involved in the language function, proper of MCS+ patients. Using EEG-based interpretable algorithm to complement differential diagnosis of consciousness may improve rehabilitation pathways and communications with caregivers.
2023
20
0
0
Liuzzi, Piergiuseppe; Hakiki, Bahia; Draghi, Francesca; Romoli, Anna Maria; Burali, Rachele; Scarpino, Maenia; Cecchi, Francesca; Grippo, Antonello; Mannini, Andrea
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1339751
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