Introduction: Previous studies showed that depression acts as an independent factor in functional recovery after stroke. In a prospective cohort of patients admitted to intensive inpatient rehabilitation after a stroke, we aimed to test depression as a moderator of the relationship between the functional level at admission and the effectiveness of rehabilitation at discharge. Methods: All patients admitted to within 30 days from an ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke to 4 intensive rehabilitation units were prospectively screened for eligibility to a multicenter prospective observational study. Enrolled patients underwent an evidence-based rehabilitation pathway. We used clinical data collected at admission (T0) and discharge (T1). The outcome was the effectiveness of recovery at T1 on the modified Barthel Index (proportion of achieved over potential functional improvement). Moderation analysis was performed by using the PROCESS macro for SPSS using the bootstrapping procedure. Results: Of 278 evaluated patients, 234 were eligible and consented to enrolment; 81 patients were able to answer to the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and were included in this analysis. The relationship between the functional status at admission and rehabilitation effectiveness was significant only in persons with fewer depressive symptoms; depression (HADS cut-off score: 5.9) moderated this relationship (P = .047), independent from age and neurological impairment. Conclusions: Our results suggest that depression moderates between the functional status at admission and the functional recovery after post-stroke rehabilitation. This approach facilitates the identification of subgroups of individuals who may respond differently to stroke rehabilitation based on depression.

Depressive Symptoms Moderate the Association Between Functional Level at Admission to Intensive Post-Stroke Rehabilitation and Effectiveness of the Intervention / Mazzeo, Salvatore; Pancani, Silvia; Sodero, Alessandro; Castagnoli, Chiara; Politi, Angela Maria; Barnabè, Monica; Ciullini, Francesca; Baccini, Marco; Grippo, Antonello; Hakiki, Bahia; Macchi, Claudio; Cecchi, Francesca. - In: JOURNAL OF GERIATRIC PSYCHIATRY AND NEUROLOGY. - ISSN 0891-9887. - ELETTRONICO. - (2023), pp. 8919887231204543-0. [10.1177/08919887231204543]

Depressive Symptoms Moderate the Association Between Functional Level at Admission to Intensive Post-Stroke Rehabilitation and Effectiveness of the Intervention

Mazzeo, Salvatore;Pancani, Silvia;Sodero, Alessandro;Ciullini, Francesca;Baccini, Marco;Grippo, Antonello;Hakiki, Bahia;Macchi, Claudio;Cecchi, Francesca
2023

Abstract

Introduction: Previous studies showed that depression acts as an independent factor in functional recovery after stroke. In a prospective cohort of patients admitted to intensive inpatient rehabilitation after a stroke, we aimed to test depression as a moderator of the relationship between the functional level at admission and the effectiveness of rehabilitation at discharge. Methods: All patients admitted to within 30 days from an ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke to 4 intensive rehabilitation units were prospectively screened for eligibility to a multicenter prospective observational study. Enrolled patients underwent an evidence-based rehabilitation pathway. We used clinical data collected at admission (T0) and discharge (T1). The outcome was the effectiveness of recovery at T1 on the modified Barthel Index (proportion of achieved over potential functional improvement). Moderation analysis was performed by using the PROCESS macro for SPSS using the bootstrapping procedure. Results: Of 278 evaluated patients, 234 were eligible and consented to enrolment; 81 patients were able to answer to the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and were included in this analysis. The relationship between the functional status at admission and rehabilitation effectiveness was significant only in persons with fewer depressive symptoms; depression (HADS cut-off score: 5.9) moderated this relationship (P = .047), independent from age and neurological impairment. Conclusions: Our results suggest that depression moderates between the functional status at admission and the functional recovery after post-stroke rehabilitation. This approach facilitates the identification of subgroups of individuals who may respond differently to stroke rehabilitation based on depression.
2023
8919887231204543
0
Mazzeo, Salvatore; Pancani, Silvia; Sodero, Alessandro; Castagnoli, Chiara; Politi, Angela Maria; Barnabè, Monica; Ciullini, Francesca; Baccini, Marco; Grippo, Antonello; Hakiki, Bahia; Macchi, Claudio; Cecchi, Francesca
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1339754
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