N-Acetylgalactosamine-6-sulfatase (GALNS) is an enzyme whose deficiency is related to the lysosomal storage disease Morquio A. For the development of effective therapeutic approaches against this disease, the design of suitable enzyme enhancers (i.e. pharmacological chaperones) is fundamental. The natural substrates of GALNS are the glycosaminoglycans keratan sulfate and chondroitin 6-sulfate, which mainly display repeating units of sulfated carbohydrates. With a biomimetic approach, gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) decorated with simple monosaccharides, sulfated ligands (homoligand AuNPs), or both monosaccharides and sulfated ligands (mixed-ligand AuNPs) were designed here as multivalent inhibitors of GALNS. Among the homoligand AuNPs, the most effective inhibitors of GALNS activity are the β-D-galactoside-coated AuNPs. In the case of mixed-ligand AuNPs, β-D-galactosides/sulfated ligands do not show better inhibition than the β-D-galactoside-coated AuNPs. However, a synergistic effect is observed for α-D-mannosides in a mixed-ligand coating with sulfated ligands that reduced IC50 by one order of magnitude with respect to the homoligand α-D-mannoside-coated AuNPs. SAXS experiments corroborated the association of GALNS with β-D-galactoside AuNPs. These AuNPs are able to restore the enzyme activity by almost 2-fold after thermal denaturation, indicating a potential chaperoning activity towards GALNS. This information could be exploited for future development of nanomedicines for Morquio A. The recent implications of GALNS in cancer and neuropathic pain make these kinds of multivalent bionanomaterials of great interest towards multiple therapies.

Gold nanoparticles decorated with monosaccharides and sulfated ligands as potential modulators of the lysosomal enzyme N-acetylgalactosamine-6-sulfatase (GALNS) / Buco, Francesca; Matassini, Camilla; Vanni, Costanza; Clemente, Francesca; Paoli, Paolo; Carozzini, Cosimo; Beni, Alice; Cardona, Francesca; Goti, Andrea; Moya, Sergio Enrique; Ortore, Maria Grazia; Andreozzi, Patrizia; Morrone, Amelia; Marradi, Marco. - In: ORGANIC & BIOMOLECULAR CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 1477-0520. - ELETTRONICO. - (2023), pp. 0-0. [10.1039/D3OB01466E]

Gold nanoparticles decorated with monosaccharides and sulfated ligands as potential modulators of the lysosomal enzyme N-acetylgalactosamine-6-sulfatase (GALNS)

Buco, Francesca;Matassini, Camilla
;
Vanni, Costanza;Clemente, Francesca;Paoli, Paolo;Beni, Alice;Cardona, Francesca;Goti, Andrea;Andreozzi, Patrizia;Morrone, Amelia;Marradi, Marco
2023

Abstract

N-Acetylgalactosamine-6-sulfatase (GALNS) is an enzyme whose deficiency is related to the lysosomal storage disease Morquio A. For the development of effective therapeutic approaches against this disease, the design of suitable enzyme enhancers (i.e. pharmacological chaperones) is fundamental. The natural substrates of GALNS are the glycosaminoglycans keratan sulfate and chondroitin 6-sulfate, which mainly display repeating units of sulfated carbohydrates. With a biomimetic approach, gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) decorated with simple monosaccharides, sulfated ligands (homoligand AuNPs), or both monosaccharides and sulfated ligands (mixed-ligand AuNPs) were designed here as multivalent inhibitors of GALNS. Among the homoligand AuNPs, the most effective inhibitors of GALNS activity are the β-D-galactoside-coated AuNPs. In the case of mixed-ligand AuNPs, β-D-galactosides/sulfated ligands do not show better inhibition than the β-D-galactoside-coated AuNPs. However, a synergistic effect is observed for α-D-mannosides in a mixed-ligand coating with sulfated ligands that reduced IC50 by one order of magnitude with respect to the homoligand α-D-mannoside-coated AuNPs. SAXS experiments corroborated the association of GALNS with β-D-galactoside AuNPs. These AuNPs are able to restore the enzyme activity by almost 2-fold after thermal denaturation, indicating a potential chaperoning activity towards GALNS. This information could be exploited for future development of nanomedicines for Morquio A. The recent implications of GALNS in cancer and neuropathic pain make these kinds of multivalent bionanomaterials of great interest towards multiple therapies.
2023
0
0
Buco, Francesca; Matassini, Camilla; Vanni, Costanza; Clemente, Francesca; Paoli, Paolo; Carozzini, Cosimo; Beni, Alice; Cardona, Francesca; Goti, Andrea; Moya, Sergio Enrique; Ortore, Maria Grazia; Andreozzi, Patrizia; Morrone, Amelia; Marradi, Marco
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1345092
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