Aims: The aim of the present study was to verify predictors of HbA1c reduction with Sodium-GLucose Transporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors and Glucagon-Like Peptide 1 (GLP1) receptor agonists in routine clinical practice.Materials and Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed, enrolling patients with type 2 diabetes aged >= 18 years who received a prescription of an SGLT2 inhibitor or a long-acting GLP1 receptor agonist with at least 6 months of persistence in therapy. Therapeutic success was defined as HbA1c reduction >10 mmol/mol or attainment of the recommended HbA1c target.Results: Out of 236 patients receiving SGLT2 inhibitors, 148 were categorised as successes: successes had a mean lower age and higher estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate than failures, but only age retained statistical significance at multivariate analysis (Odds Ratio with 95% confidence interval: 0.94 [0.91-0.98], p = 0.006). In the GLP1 receptor agonists cohort (N = 214) there were 146 successes, showing a significantly shorter duration of diabetes even after adjusting for age, and baseline HbA1c (HR 0.96 [0.91-0.99], p = 0.02).Conclusions: The present study is a preliminary exploration of factors associated with HbA1c response to SGLT2 inhibitors and GLP1 receptor agonists. Differences in predictors of HbA1c changes across different classes of drugs could be useful in identifying the most suitable drug in individual patients. SGLT2 inhibitors seem to be associated with a greater reduction of HbA1c in younger subjects, and GLP1 agonists in those with a shorter duration of diabetes.

Predictors of efficacy of Sodium-GLucose Transporter-2 inhibitors and Glucagon-Like Peptide 1 receptor agonists: A retrospective cohort study / Scoccimarro, D; Cipani, G; Dicembrini, I; Mannucci, E. - In: DIABETES/METABOLISM RESEARCH AND REVIEWS. - ISSN 1520-7552. - STAMPA. - -:(2023), pp. 0-0. [10.1002/dmrr.3727]

Predictors of efficacy of Sodium-GLucose Transporter-2 inhibitors and Glucagon-Like Peptide 1 receptor agonists: A retrospective cohort study

Scoccimarro, D;Dicembrini, I;Mannucci, E
2023

Abstract

Aims: The aim of the present study was to verify predictors of HbA1c reduction with Sodium-GLucose Transporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors and Glucagon-Like Peptide 1 (GLP1) receptor agonists in routine clinical practice.Materials and Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed, enrolling patients with type 2 diabetes aged >= 18 years who received a prescription of an SGLT2 inhibitor or a long-acting GLP1 receptor agonist with at least 6 months of persistence in therapy. Therapeutic success was defined as HbA1c reduction >10 mmol/mol or attainment of the recommended HbA1c target.Results: Out of 236 patients receiving SGLT2 inhibitors, 148 were categorised as successes: successes had a mean lower age and higher estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate than failures, but only age retained statistical significance at multivariate analysis (Odds Ratio with 95% confidence interval: 0.94 [0.91-0.98], p = 0.006). In the GLP1 receptor agonists cohort (N = 214) there were 146 successes, showing a significantly shorter duration of diabetes even after adjusting for age, and baseline HbA1c (HR 0.96 [0.91-0.99], p = 0.02).Conclusions: The present study is a preliminary exploration of factors associated with HbA1c response to SGLT2 inhibitors and GLP1 receptor agonists. Differences in predictors of HbA1c changes across different classes of drugs could be useful in identifying the most suitable drug in individual patients. SGLT2 inhibitors seem to be associated with a greater reduction of HbA1c in younger subjects, and GLP1 agonists in those with a shorter duration of diabetes.
2023
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0
0
Scoccimarro, D; Cipani, G; Dicembrini, I; Mannucci, E
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1345097
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