Energy management of heating, ventilating and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems is a main concern in the design and project of buildings. Artificial neural networks (ANNs) are very useful in representing highly non-linear problems, such as the HVAC system. Neural networks' correct sizing is important to have a trade-off between model accuracy and computational cost. Therefore, the main idea of this work was to identify the optimal size of the neural network used to model the relationship between temperature and energy demand in HVAC system building. To this, a scholastic building with low and high energy performance levels located in Bolzano, Perugia and Catania was modelled in EnergyPlus environment to obtain thermo-electric profile databases to be employed for the training of the feedforward neural network. To find out the optimal size of hidden layers, different trainings of the ANN were carried out by varying the neurons' number of the first and second hidden layer and, as a pilot study, the optimal sized ANN was used to predict the thermo-electric model of the HVAC scholastic building. The validation error and the standard deviation were calculated for each combination of neurons' number of the first and second hidden layer. Results demonstrated that the validation error was always lower than 0.014 and its minimum value was obtained by increasing the number of neurons of both hidden layer and, therefore, the complexity of the ANN.

Optimization of a feedforward neural network's architecture for an HVAC system problem / Palermo M.; Forconi F.; Belloni E.; Quercio M.; Lozito G.M.; Fulginei F.R.. - ELETTRONICO. - (2023), pp. 0-6. (Intervento presentato al convegno 2023 International Conference on Electrical, Computer, Communications and Mechatronics Engineering, ICECCME 2023 tenutosi a esp nel 2023) [10.1109/ICECCME57830.2023.10252568].

Optimization of a feedforward neural network's architecture for an HVAC system problem

Lozito G. M.;
2023

Abstract

Energy management of heating, ventilating and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems is a main concern in the design and project of buildings. Artificial neural networks (ANNs) are very useful in representing highly non-linear problems, such as the HVAC system. Neural networks' correct sizing is important to have a trade-off between model accuracy and computational cost. Therefore, the main idea of this work was to identify the optimal size of the neural network used to model the relationship between temperature and energy demand in HVAC system building. To this, a scholastic building with low and high energy performance levels located in Bolzano, Perugia and Catania was modelled in EnergyPlus environment to obtain thermo-electric profile databases to be employed for the training of the feedforward neural network. To find out the optimal size of hidden layers, different trainings of the ANN were carried out by varying the neurons' number of the first and second hidden layer and, as a pilot study, the optimal sized ANN was used to predict the thermo-electric model of the HVAC scholastic building. The validation error and the standard deviation were calculated for each combination of neurons' number of the first and second hidden layer. Results demonstrated that the validation error was always lower than 0.014 and its minimum value was obtained by increasing the number of neurons of both hidden layer and, therefore, the complexity of the ANN.
2023
International Conference on Electrical, Computer, Communications and Mechatronics Engineering, ICECCME 2023
2023 International Conference on Electrical, Computer, Communications and Mechatronics Engineering, ICECCME 2023
esp
2023
Palermo M.; Forconi F.; Belloni E.; Quercio M.; Lozito G.M.; Fulginei F.R.
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1345483
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