The origin of Italian kamafugites and lamproites is a matter of debate, not least due to their crustal signature displayed by trace element compositions and isotopic ratios, but also due to puzzling geodynamic significance. We combine in situ EMPA and LA-ICP-MS analyses with in situ analyses of oxygen isotopes (SIMS) on olivine from the Pleistocene San Venanzo kamafugites and Torre Alfina lamproites. Lamproitic olivine shows extremely high Mg# and Ni concentrations whereas Ca and Mn concentrations are low. Their delta O-18(V-SMOW) values are very high up to +11.5 parts per thousand. In kamafugites we recognize three genetically different olivine groups: (a) phenocrystic one with high Mg#, very low Ni, high Ca and Mn. Values of delta O-18(V-SMOW) are up to +10.9 parts per thousand; (b) melt-related xenocrystic grains that compositionally resemble lamproitic olivine; (c) skarn-related almost pure forsterite of extreme delta O-18(V-SMOW) similar to 27 parts per thousand, with negligible amounts of minor and trace elements. The melting and crystallization conditions of Italian kamafugites and lamproites indicate compositionally heterogeneous mantle sources on very small scales. Distinct geochemical features of the olivine macrocryst populations observed in kamafugite point to a range of processes occurring both within the magma storage and transport system. We suggest that the diversity of metasomatic agents was involved in mantle processes on local scales, coupled with magma mixing and/or the uptake of xenocrysts during magma ascend.

Subduction-legacy and Olivine Monitoring for Mantle-heterogeneities of the Sources of Ultrapotassic Magmas: The Italian case study / Günther J., Prelević D., Mertz D.F., Rocholl A., Mertz-Kraus R., Conticelli S.. - In: GEOCHEMISTRY, GEOPHYSICS, GEOSYSTEMS. - ISSN 1525-2027. - STAMPA. - 24:(2023), pp. e2022GC010709.1-e2022GC010709.22. [10.1029/2022GC010709]

Subduction-legacy and Olivine Monitoring for Mantle-heterogeneities of the Sources of Ultrapotassic Magmas: The Italian case study

Conticelli S.
Membro del Collaboration Group
2023

Abstract

The origin of Italian kamafugites and lamproites is a matter of debate, not least due to their crustal signature displayed by trace element compositions and isotopic ratios, but also due to puzzling geodynamic significance. We combine in situ EMPA and LA-ICP-MS analyses with in situ analyses of oxygen isotopes (SIMS) on olivine from the Pleistocene San Venanzo kamafugites and Torre Alfina lamproites. Lamproitic olivine shows extremely high Mg# and Ni concentrations whereas Ca and Mn concentrations are low. Their delta O-18(V-SMOW) values are very high up to +11.5 parts per thousand. In kamafugites we recognize three genetically different olivine groups: (a) phenocrystic one with high Mg#, very low Ni, high Ca and Mn. Values of delta O-18(V-SMOW) are up to +10.9 parts per thousand; (b) melt-related xenocrystic grains that compositionally resemble lamproitic olivine; (c) skarn-related almost pure forsterite of extreme delta O-18(V-SMOW) similar to 27 parts per thousand, with negligible amounts of minor and trace elements. The melting and crystallization conditions of Italian kamafugites and lamproites indicate compositionally heterogeneous mantle sources on very small scales. Distinct geochemical features of the olivine macrocryst populations observed in kamafugite point to a range of processes occurring both within the magma storage and transport system. We suggest that the diversity of metasomatic agents was involved in mantle processes on local scales, coupled with magma mixing and/or the uptake of xenocrysts during magma ascend.
2023
24
1
22
Günther J., Prelević D., Mertz D.F., Rocholl A., Mertz-Kraus R., Conticelli S.
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1347364
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