Mammographic screening can reduce breast cancer (BC) mortality in women. In Italy, although attendance rates increased recently, they are still far from the recommended levels internationally. Inadequate health literacy (HL) may be a reason for poor awareness and/or knowledge about the importance of completing cancer screening. This study examined the relationship between HL, other sociodemographic determinants, and their influence on participation in both opportunistic and organized BC screenings among women aged 50-69 in Tuscany. The study analyzed 2017-2019 data from the Tuscan population subsample in the Italian Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System PASSI (Progressi delle Aziende Sanitarie per la Salute in Italia). HL was assessed using the Italian version of the six-item European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire (HLS-EU-Q6). Among the 2250 interviewees, 75.3% underwent the organized BC screening and 9.4% on voluntary basis. Although to a different extent, HL was significantly associated to compliance rates with both opportunistic and organized screenings. Among sociodemographic factors, only occupational status was associated with opportunistic screening attendance rates. As expected, being invited by letter resulted to be strongly associated with participation to organized screening programs and the medical advice predicts for participating to both opportunistic and organized screening. This study highlights the relevant role that HL plays in BC, opportunistic and organized, screening adherence in a universal healthcare system. To increase BC screening participation rates, healthcare systems would benefit by implementing interventions for improved HL at population level or within healthcare organizations.

Health literacy and breast cancer screening adherence: results from the population of Tuscany, Italy / Zanobini, Patrizio; Bonaccorsi, Guglielmo; Giusti, Martina; Minardi, Valentina; Possenti, Valentina; Masocco, Maria; Garofalo, Giorgio; Mereu, Giovanna; Cecconi, Rossella; Lorini, Chiara. - In: HEALTH PROMOTION INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 1460-2245. - ELETTRONICO. - 38:(2023), pp. 1-9. [10.1093/heapro/daad177]

Health literacy and breast cancer screening adherence: results from the population of Tuscany, Italy

Zanobini, Patrizio
;
Bonaccorsi, Guglielmo;Giusti, Martina;Lorini, Chiara
2023

Abstract

Mammographic screening can reduce breast cancer (BC) mortality in women. In Italy, although attendance rates increased recently, they are still far from the recommended levels internationally. Inadequate health literacy (HL) may be a reason for poor awareness and/or knowledge about the importance of completing cancer screening. This study examined the relationship between HL, other sociodemographic determinants, and their influence on participation in both opportunistic and organized BC screenings among women aged 50-69 in Tuscany. The study analyzed 2017-2019 data from the Tuscan population subsample in the Italian Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System PASSI (Progressi delle Aziende Sanitarie per la Salute in Italia). HL was assessed using the Italian version of the six-item European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire (HLS-EU-Q6). Among the 2250 interviewees, 75.3% underwent the organized BC screening and 9.4% on voluntary basis. Although to a different extent, HL was significantly associated to compliance rates with both opportunistic and organized screenings. Among sociodemographic factors, only occupational status was associated with opportunistic screening attendance rates. As expected, being invited by letter resulted to be strongly associated with participation to organized screening programs and the medical advice predicts for participating to both opportunistic and organized screening. This study highlights the relevant role that HL plays in BC, opportunistic and organized, screening adherence in a universal healthcare system. To increase BC screening participation rates, healthcare systems would benefit by implementing interventions for improved HL at population level or within healthcare organizations.
2023
38
1
9
Goal 3: Good health and well-being
Zanobini, Patrizio; Bonaccorsi, Guglielmo; Giusti, Martina; Minardi, Valentina; Possenti, Valentina; Masocco, Maria; Garofalo, Giorgio; Mereu, Giovanna; Cecconi, Rossella; Lorini, Chiara
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1347375
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