The extraordinary complexity of real Rotating Detonation Combustors (RDC) demands a deep knowledge of each phenomenon involved in the wave development and propagation. Since the reactants are typically injected separately, a key element for the combustor design optimization is understanding the refilling process and the reactants mixing. However, due to the harsh environment and high working frequencies of RDCs, the experimental diagnostics is usually limited, so high-fidelity simulations represent an essential tool to complement the measurements with detailed insights into the flow. In the present work, the non-premixed RDC installed at TU Berlin is simulated with the AVBP code by solving the fully-compressible, spatially-filtered reactive Navier-Stokes equations. The complete hydrogen and air injection system is included in the numerical model to accurately describe both the reactants mixing and the complex turbulent flow field in the resulting refill region. This study shows how both the injection system configuration and its transient interaction with the wave are fundamental for the reactants mixing, as they directly influence the refilled gas properties. Limiting the imbalances between the blockage dynamics of the fuel and oxidizer ducts and optimizing the fuel injectors can improve considerably the homogeneity of the fresh mixture, and consequently the leading shock strength and reasonably the pressure gain. In fact, the detailed analysis of the detonation front speed shown a higher instability near the chamber base for the periodic presence of unmixed reactants. Nevertheless, the unstable root of the front does not affect the whole wave speed, and remaining part propagates steadily thanks to the tangential mixture uniformity. Moreover, the local speed distribution does not appear directly related to the small-scale mixture properties, indicating a higher sensibility to the annulus curvature rather than to the local gas state.

Characterization of refill region and mixing state immediately ahead of a hydrogen-air rotating detonation using LES / Nassini P.C.; Andreini A.; Bohon M.D.. - In: COMBUSTION AND FLAME. - ISSN 0010-2180. - ELETTRONICO. - 258:(2023), pp. 113050.1-113050.17. [10.1016/j.combustflame.2023.113050]

Characterization of refill region and mixing state immediately ahead of a hydrogen-air rotating detonation using LES

Nassini P. C.;Andreini A.;
2023

Abstract

The extraordinary complexity of real Rotating Detonation Combustors (RDC) demands a deep knowledge of each phenomenon involved in the wave development and propagation. Since the reactants are typically injected separately, a key element for the combustor design optimization is understanding the refilling process and the reactants mixing. However, due to the harsh environment and high working frequencies of RDCs, the experimental diagnostics is usually limited, so high-fidelity simulations represent an essential tool to complement the measurements with detailed insights into the flow. In the present work, the non-premixed RDC installed at TU Berlin is simulated with the AVBP code by solving the fully-compressible, spatially-filtered reactive Navier-Stokes equations. The complete hydrogen and air injection system is included in the numerical model to accurately describe both the reactants mixing and the complex turbulent flow field in the resulting refill region. This study shows how both the injection system configuration and its transient interaction with the wave are fundamental for the reactants mixing, as they directly influence the refilled gas properties. Limiting the imbalances between the blockage dynamics of the fuel and oxidizer ducts and optimizing the fuel injectors can improve considerably the homogeneity of the fresh mixture, and consequently the leading shock strength and reasonably the pressure gain. In fact, the detailed analysis of the detonation front speed shown a higher instability near the chamber base for the periodic presence of unmixed reactants. Nevertheless, the unstable root of the front does not affect the whole wave speed, and remaining part propagates steadily thanks to the tangential mixture uniformity. Moreover, the local speed distribution does not appear directly related to the small-scale mixture properties, indicating a higher sensibility to the annulus curvature rather than to the local gas state.
2023
258
1
17
Nassini P.C.; Andreini A.; Bohon M.D.
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1349881
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