Despite the many well-documented benefits of the Mediterranean diet (MD), many Mediterranean countries seem to be moving away from it. The aim of this study was to investigate the MD adherence in 10,916 adults who completed the validated Medi-Lite questionnaire from January 2019 to December 2022 in Italy, and to assess the consumption of its food groups by comparing them with current national dietary guidelines. The sample showed a good level of MD adherence (12 ± 2.5). However, from 2019 to 2022, a significant (p < 0.001) decline in the adherence level emerged. An overconsumption of fresh red meat, cheese and poultry compared to dietary guidelines was observed. In contrast, an under-consumption of vegetables, bread, legumes, fish and milk and dairy products emerged. In recent years, a decline in MD adherence was observed in Italy, probably determined by an excessive consumption of animal products.

Assessment of Mediterranean diet adherence and comparison with Italian dietary guidelines: a study of over 10,000 adults from 2019 to 2022 / Lotti, Sofia; Napoletano, Antonia; Tristan Asensi, Marta; Pagliai, Giuditta; Giangrandi, Ilaria; Colombini, Barbara; Dinu, Monica; Sofi, Francesco. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCES AND NUTRITION. - ISSN 0963-7486. - STAMPA. - 75:(2024), pp. 3.336-3.343. [10.1080/09637486.2024.2313979]

Assessment of Mediterranean diet adherence and comparison with Italian dietary guidelines: a study of over 10,000 adults from 2019 to 2022

Lotti, Sofia
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Napoletano, Antonia
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Tristan Asensi, Marta
Formal Analysis
;
Pagliai, Giuditta
Formal Analysis
;
Colombini, Barbara
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Dinu, Monica
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Sofi, Francesco
Writing – Review & Editing
2024

Abstract

Despite the many well-documented benefits of the Mediterranean diet (MD), many Mediterranean countries seem to be moving away from it. The aim of this study was to investigate the MD adherence in 10,916 adults who completed the validated Medi-Lite questionnaire from January 2019 to December 2022 in Italy, and to assess the consumption of its food groups by comparing them with current national dietary guidelines. The sample showed a good level of MD adherence (12 ± 2.5). However, from 2019 to 2022, a significant (p < 0.001) decline in the adherence level emerged. An overconsumption of fresh red meat, cheese and poultry compared to dietary guidelines was observed. In contrast, an under-consumption of vegetables, bread, legumes, fish and milk and dairy products emerged. In recent years, a decline in MD adherence was observed in Italy, probably determined by an excessive consumption of animal products.
2024
75
336
343
Lotti, Sofia; Napoletano, Antonia; Tristan Asensi, Marta; Pagliai, Giuditta; Giangrandi, Ilaria; Colombini, Barbara; Dinu, Monica; Sofi, Francesco
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1350024
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