Background: Upfront anti-EGFR therapy represents the standard of care for patients with left-sided, MSS/pMMR, RAS and BRAF wild-type mCRC. Molecular 'hyperselection' may optimize EGFR inhibition by detecting additional resistance alterations. Materials and methods: We used comprehensive genomic profiling on archival samples of elderly patients enrolled in the PANDA trial to detect: HER2 amplification/mutations; MET amplification; NTRK/ROS1/ALK/RET rearrangements; PIK3CA exon 20 mutations; PTEN alterations; AKT1 mutations; MAP2K1 mutations. We defined 'Gene Altered' (GA) patients whose tumour harboured at least one alteration, and 'Hyperselected' (HS) those without. Survival and tumour response outcomes were correlated to hyperselection status alone or combined with primary tumour sidedness or treatment arm. Results: Genomic alterations were detected in 41/147 patients (27.9%). PFS, OS and ORR were inferior in GA versus HS (median PFS: 7.6 versus 12.8 months, HR = 2.08, 95% CI: 1.43-3.03, p < 0.001; median OS: 20.0 versus 29.5 months, HR = 1.82, 95% CI:1.23-2.69, p = 0.002; ORR: 51% versus 71%; OR = 0.43, 95% CI: 0.21-0.91, p = 0.02). In the multivariable models, the impact of hyperselection on PFS and OS was confirmed. Lower ORR was observed with 5-FU/LV/panitumumab in GA (40% versus 62%), but not in HS (70% versus 72%). GA was associated with worse survival and response regardless of primary tumour sidedness, whereas in the HS subgroup, right-and left sided tumours had similar outcomes. Conclusions: Molecular hyperselection and comprehensive genomic profiling have a potential usefulness in elderly patients with RAS/BRAF wild-type, pMMR/MSS mCRC, eligible for upfront EGFR inhibition.

Negative hyperselection of elderly patients with RAS and BRAF wild-type metastatic colorectal cancer receiving initial panitumumab plus FOLFOX or 5-FU/LV / Pietrantonio, Filippo; Bergamo, Francesca; Rossini, Daniele; Ghelardi, Filippo; De Grandis, Maria Caterina; Germani, Marco Maria; Barsotti, Giulia; Formica, Vincenzo; Frassineti, Giovanni Luca; Boscolo, Giorgia; Cinieri, Saverio; Di Donato, Samantha; Antonuzzo, Lorenzo; Antoniotti, Carlotta; Ambrosini, Margherita; Piva, Vittoria Matilde; Nichetti, Federico; Fassan, Matteo; Cremolini, Chiara; Lonardi, Sara. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CANCER. - ISSN 0959-8049. - ELETTRONICO. - 195:(2023), pp. 113396.1-113396.8. [10.1016/j.ejca.2023.113396]

Negative hyperselection of elderly patients with RAS and BRAF wild-type metastatic colorectal cancer receiving initial panitumumab plus FOLFOX or 5-FU/LV

Rossini, Daniele;Antonuzzo, Lorenzo;
2023

Abstract

Background: Upfront anti-EGFR therapy represents the standard of care for patients with left-sided, MSS/pMMR, RAS and BRAF wild-type mCRC. Molecular 'hyperselection' may optimize EGFR inhibition by detecting additional resistance alterations. Materials and methods: We used comprehensive genomic profiling on archival samples of elderly patients enrolled in the PANDA trial to detect: HER2 amplification/mutations; MET amplification; NTRK/ROS1/ALK/RET rearrangements; PIK3CA exon 20 mutations; PTEN alterations; AKT1 mutations; MAP2K1 mutations. We defined 'Gene Altered' (GA) patients whose tumour harboured at least one alteration, and 'Hyperselected' (HS) those without. Survival and tumour response outcomes were correlated to hyperselection status alone or combined with primary tumour sidedness or treatment arm. Results: Genomic alterations were detected in 41/147 patients (27.9%). PFS, OS and ORR were inferior in GA versus HS (median PFS: 7.6 versus 12.8 months, HR = 2.08, 95% CI: 1.43-3.03, p < 0.001; median OS: 20.0 versus 29.5 months, HR = 1.82, 95% CI:1.23-2.69, p = 0.002; ORR: 51% versus 71%; OR = 0.43, 95% CI: 0.21-0.91, p = 0.02). In the multivariable models, the impact of hyperselection on PFS and OS was confirmed. Lower ORR was observed with 5-FU/LV/panitumumab in GA (40% versus 62%), but not in HS (70% versus 72%). GA was associated with worse survival and response regardless of primary tumour sidedness, whereas in the HS subgroup, right-and left sided tumours had similar outcomes. Conclusions: Molecular hyperselection and comprehensive genomic profiling have a potential usefulness in elderly patients with RAS/BRAF wild-type, pMMR/MSS mCRC, eligible for upfront EGFR inhibition.
2023
195
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Pietrantonio, Filippo; Bergamo, Francesca; Rossini, Daniele; Ghelardi, Filippo; De Grandis, Maria Caterina; Germani, Marco Maria; Barsotti, Giulia; Formica, Vincenzo; Frassineti, Giovanni Luca; Boscolo, Giorgia; Cinieri, Saverio; Di Donato, Samantha; Antonuzzo, Lorenzo; Antoniotti, Carlotta; Ambrosini, Margherita; Piva, Vittoria Matilde; Nichetti, Federico; Fassan, Matteo; Cremolini, Chiara; Lonardi, Sara
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1350520
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