Sialic acids (Sias) are a family of electronegatively charged nine-carbon monosaccharides containing a carboxylic acid, mostly found as terminal residues in glycans of glycoproteins and glycolipids. They are bound to galactose or N-acetylgalactosamine via α2,3 or α2,6 linkage, or to other Sias especially via α2,8 linkage, which results in monomeric, oligomeric, and polymeric forms. Sias play determinant roles in a multitude of biological processes in human tissues from development to adult life until aging. In this review, we summarized the current knowledge on the sialylation status in the human testis with a main focus on sexually mature life and aging, when this organ shows significant morphofunctional changes resulting into variations of hormonal levels, as well as changes in molecules involved in mitochondrial function, receptors, and signaling proteins. Evidence suggests that Sias may have crucial morphofunctional roles in the different testicular components during the sexually mature age. With advancing age, significant loss of Sias and/or changes in sialylation status occur in all the testicular components, which seems to contribute to morphofunctional changes characteristic of the aging testis. Based on the current knowledge, further in-depth investigations will be necessary to better understand the mechanistic role of Sias in the biological processes of human testicular tissue and the significance of their changes during the aging process. Future investigations might also contribute to the development of novel prophylactic and/or therapeutic approaches that, by maintaining/restoring the correct sialylation status, could help in slowing down the testis aging process, thus preserving the testicular structure and functionality and preventing age-related pathologies.

Sialylation status and its relationship with morphofunctional changes in human adult testis during sexually mature life and aging: A narrative review / Manetti, Mirko; Marini, Mirca; Perna, Angelica; Tani, Alessia; Sgambati, Eleonora. - In: ACTA HISTOCHEMICA. - ISSN 0065-1281. - STAMPA. - 126:(2024), pp. 152143-152143. [10.1016/j.acthis.2024.152143]

Sialylation status and its relationship with morphofunctional changes in human adult testis during sexually mature life and aging: A narrative review

Manetti, Mirko;Marini, Mirca;Tani, Alessia;Sgambati, Eleonora
2024

Abstract

Sialic acids (Sias) are a family of electronegatively charged nine-carbon monosaccharides containing a carboxylic acid, mostly found as terminal residues in glycans of glycoproteins and glycolipids. They are bound to galactose or N-acetylgalactosamine via α2,3 or α2,6 linkage, or to other Sias especially via α2,8 linkage, which results in monomeric, oligomeric, and polymeric forms. Sias play determinant roles in a multitude of biological processes in human tissues from development to adult life until aging. In this review, we summarized the current knowledge on the sialylation status in the human testis with a main focus on sexually mature life and aging, when this organ shows significant morphofunctional changes resulting into variations of hormonal levels, as well as changes in molecules involved in mitochondrial function, receptors, and signaling proteins. Evidence suggests that Sias may have crucial morphofunctional roles in the different testicular components during the sexually mature age. With advancing age, significant loss of Sias and/or changes in sialylation status occur in all the testicular components, which seems to contribute to morphofunctional changes characteristic of the aging testis. Based on the current knowledge, further in-depth investigations will be necessary to better understand the mechanistic role of Sias in the biological processes of human testicular tissue and the significance of their changes during the aging process. Future investigations might also contribute to the development of novel prophylactic and/or therapeutic approaches that, by maintaining/restoring the correct sialylation status, could help in slowing down the testis aging process, thus preserving the testicular structure and functionality and preventing age-related pathologies.
2024
126
152143
152143
Manetti, Mirko; Marini, Mirca; Perna, Angelica; Tani, Alessia; Sgambati, Eleonora
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1350545
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