Background COVID-19 is a pandemic disease affecting predominantly the respiratory apparatus with clinical manifestations ranging from asymptomatic to respiratory failure. Chest CT is a crucial tool in diagnosing and evaluating the severity of pulmonary involvement through dedicated scoring systems. Nonetheless, many questions regarding the relationship of radiologic and clinical features of the disease have emerged in multidisciplinary meetings. The aim of this retrospective study was to explore such relationship throughout an innovative and alternative approach.Materials and methods This study included 550 patients (range 25-98 years; 354 males, mean age 66.1; 196 females, mean age 70.9) hospitalized for COVID-19 with available radiological and clinical data between 1 March 2021 and 30 April 2022. Radiological data included CO-RADS, chest CT score, dominant pattern, and typical/atypical findings detected on CT examinations. Clinical data included clinical score and outcome. The relationship between such features was investigated through the development of the main four frequently asked questions summarizing the many issues arisen in multidisciplinary meetings, as follows 1) CO-RADS, chest CT score, clinical score, and outcomes; 2) the involvement of a specific lung lobe and outcomes; 3) dominant pattern/distribution and severity score for the same chest CT score; 4) additional factors and outcomes.Results 1) If CT was suggestive for COVID, a strong correlation between CT/clinical score and prognosis was found; 2) Middle lobe CT involvement was an unfavorable prognostic criterion; 3) If CT score < 50%, the pattern was not influential, whereas if CT score > 50%, crazy paving as dominant pattern leaded to a 15% increased death rate, stacked up against other patterns, thus almost doubling it; 4) Additional factors usually did not matter, but lymph-nodes and pleural effusion worsened prognosis.Conclusions This study outlined those radiological features of COVID-19 most relevant towards disease severity and outcome with an innovative approach.

Doubts and concerns about COVID-19 uncertainties on imaging data, clinical score, and outcomes / Nardi, Cosimo; Magnini, Andrea; Calistri, Linda; Cavigli, Edoardo; Peired, Anna Julie; Rastrelli, Vieri; Carlesi, Edoardo; Zantonelli, Giulia; Smorchkova, Olga; Cinci, Lorenzo; Orlandi, Martina; Landini, Nicholas; Berillo, Edoardo; Lorini, Chiara; Mencarini, Jessica; Colao, Maria Grazia; Gori, Leonardo; Luzzi, Valentina; Lazzeri, Chiara; Cipriani, Elisa; Bonizzoli, Manuela; Pieralli, Filippo; Nozzoli, Carlo; Morettini, Alessandro; Lavorini, Federico; Bartoloni, Alessandro; Rossolini, Gian Maria; Matucci-Cerinic, Marco; Tomassetti, Sara; Colagrande, Stefano. - In: BMC PULMONARY MEDICINE. - ISSN 1471-2466. - ELETTRONICO. - 23:(2023), pp. 472.0-472.0. [10.1186/s12890-023-02763-3]

Doubts and concerns about COVID-19 uncertainties on imaging data, clinical score, and outcomes

Nardi, Cosimo;Magnini, Andrea;Calistri, Linda;Cavigli, Edoardo;Peired, Anna Julie;Rastrelli, Vieri;Carlesi, Edoardo;Zantonelli, Giulia;Smorchkova, Olga;Cinci, Lorenzo;Orlandi, Martina;Landini, Nicholas;Berillo, Edoardo;Lorini, Chiara;Mencarini, Jessica;Gori, Leonardo;Luzzi, Valentina;Cipriani, Elisa;Bonizzoli, Manuela;Pieralli, Filippo;Nozzoli, Carlo;Morettini, Alessandro;Lavorini, Federico;Bartoloni, Alessandro;Rossolini, Gian Maria;Matucci-Cerinic, Marco;Tomassetti, Sara;Colagrande, Stefano
2023

Abstract

Background COVID-19 is a pandemic disease affecting predominantly the respiratory apparatus with clinical manifestations ranging from asymptomatic to respiratory failure. Chest CT is a crucial tool in diagnosing and evaluating the severity of pulmonary involvement through dedicated scoring systems. Nonetheless, many questions regarding the relationship of radiologic and clinical features of the disease have emerged in multidisciplinary meetings. The aim of this retrospective study was to explore such relationship throughout an innovative and alternative approach.Materials and methods This study included 550 patients (range 25-98 years; 354 males, mean age 66.1; 196 females, mean age 70.9) hospitalized for COVID-19 with available radiological and clinical data between 1 March 2021 and 30 April 2022. Radiological data included CO-RADS, chest CT score, dominant pattern, and typical/atypical findings detected on CT examinations. Clinical data included clinical score and outcome. The relationship between such features was investigated through the development of the main four frequently asked questions summarizing the many issues arisen in multidisciplinary meetings, as follows 1) CO-RADS, chest CT score, clinical score, and outcomes; 2) the involvement of a specific lung lobe and outcomes; 3) dominant pattern/distribution and severity score for the same chest CT score; 4) additional factors and outcomes.Results 1) If CT was suggestive for COVID, a strong correlation between CT/clinical score and prognosis was found; 2) Middle lobe CT involvement was an unfavorable prognostic criterion; 3) If CT score < 50%, the pattern was not influential, whereas if CT score > 50%, crazy paving as dominant pattern leaded to a 15% increased death rate, stacked up against other patterns, thus almost doubling it; 4) Additional factors usually did not matter, but lymph-nodes and pleural effusion worsened prognosis.Conclusions This study outlined those radiological features of COVID-19 most relevant towards disease severity and outcome with an innovative approach.
2023
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Nardi, Cosimo; Magnini, Andrea; Calistri, Linda; Cavigli, Edoardo; Peired, Anna Julie; Rastrelli, Vieri; Carlesi, Edoardo; Zantonelli, Giulia; Smorchkova, Olga; Cinci, Lorenzo; Orlandi, Martina; Landini, Nicholas; Berillo, Edoardo; Lorini, Chiara; Mencarini, Jessica; Colao, Maria Grazia; Gori, Leonardo; Luzzi, Valentina; Lazzeri, Chiara; Cipriani, Elisa; Bonizzoli, Manuela; Pieralli, Filippo; Nozzoli, Carlo; Morettini, Alessandro; Lavorini, Federico; Bartoloni, Alessandro; Rossolini, Gian Maria; Matucci-Cerinic, Marco; Tomassetti, Sara; Colagrande, Stefano
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1350934
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