Introduction: Continuous renal replacement therapies (CRRTs) require constant monitoring and periodic treatment readjustments, being applied to highly complex patients, with rapidly changing clinical needs. To promote precision medicine in the field of renal replacement therapy and encourage dynamic prescription, the Acute Dialysis Quality Initiative (ADQI) recommends periodically measuring the solutes extracorporeal clearance with the aim of assessing the current treatment delivery and the gap from the therapeutic prescription (often intended as effluent dose). To perform this procedure, it is therefore necessary to obtain blood and effluent samples from the extracorporeal circuit to measure the concentrations of a target solute (usually represented by urea) in prefilter, postfilter, and effluent lines. However, samples must be collected simultaneously from the extracorporeal circuit ports, with the same suction flow at an unknown rate. Methods: The proposed study takes the first step toward identifying the technical factors that should be considered in determining the optimal suction rate to collect samples from the extracorporeal circuit to measure the extracorporeal clearance for a specific solute. Results: The results obtained identify the low suction rate (i.e., 1 mL/min) as an ideal parameter for an adequate sampling method. Low velocities do not perturb the external circulation system and ensure stability prevailing pressures in the circuit. Higher velocities can be performed only with blood flows above 120 mL/min preferably in conditions of appropriate filtration fraction. Discussion/conclusions: The specific value of aspiration flow rate must be proportioned to the prescription of CRRT treatments set by the clinician.

Sampling from Extracorporeal Circuit: A Step Forward for Dose Monitoring in Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy / Ruffa, Maria Cristina; Bocciero, Vittorio; Fabbri, Sergio; Nencini, Francesca; Fanelli, Alessandra; Romagnoli, Stefano; Ricci, Zaccaria; Cauda, Valentina; Villa, Gianluca. - In: BLOOD PURIFICATION. - ISSN 0253-5068. - ELETTRONICO. - 53:(2024), pp. 1-10. [10.1159/000535308]

Sampling from Extracorporeal Circuit: A Step Forward for Dose Monitoring in Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy

Bocciero, Vittorio;Fabbri, Sergio;Romagnoli, Stefano;Ricci, Zaccaria;Villa, Gianluca
2024

Abstract

Introduction: Continuous renal replacement therapies (CRRTs) require constant monitoring and periodic treatment readjustments, being applied to highly complex patients, with rapidly changing clinical needs. To promote precision medicine in the field of renal replacement therapy and encourage dynamic prescription, the Acute Dialysis Quality Initiative (ADQI) recommends periodically measuring the solutes extracorporeal clearance with the aim of assessing the current treatment delivery and the gap from the therapeutic prescription (often intended as effluent dose). To perform this procedure, it is therefore necessary to obtain blood and effluent samples from the extracorporeal circuit to measure the concentrations of a target solute (usually represented by urea) in prefilter, postfilter, and effluent lines. However, samples must be collected simultaneously from the extracorporeal circuit ports, with the same suction flow at an unknown rate. Methods: The proposed study takes the first step toward identifying the technical factors that should be considered in determining the optimal suction rate to collect samples from the extracorporeal circuit to measure the extracorporeal clearance for a specific solute. Results: The results obtained identify the low suction rate (i.e., 1 mL/min) as an ideal parameter for an adequate sampling method. Low velocities do not perturb the external circulation system and ensure stability prevailing pressures in the circuit. Higher velocities can be performed only with blood flows above 120 mL/min preferably in conditions of appropriate filtration fraction. Discussion/conclusions: The specific value of aspiration flow rate must be proportioned to the prescription of CRRT treatments set by the clinician.
2024
53
1
10
Ruffa, Maria Cristina; Bocciero, Vittorio; Fabbri, Sergio; Nencini, Francesca; Fanelli, Alessandra; Romagnoli, Stefano; Ricci, Zaccaria; Cauda, Valentina; Villa, Gianluca
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1352333
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