Background: Thymidine kinase 1 (TK1) is an enzyme downstream of the CDK4/6 pathway, with a critical role in DNA synthesis; serum TK1 activity (sTKa) is a novel liquid biopsy biomarker of tumour cell proliferation. Methods: The phase IIIb, BioItaLEE trial (NCT03439046) collected sera from post-menopausal patients with hormone receptor-positive (HR+), HER2-negative (HER2-) ad-vanced breast cancer (ABC) treated with first-line ribociclib plus letrozole at baseline, day 15 of cycle 1 (C1D15), day 1 of cycle 2 (C2D1), and at first imaging. Associations between sTKa assessed at different time points or sTKa dynamic patterns, and progression-free survival (PFS) were evaluated using multivariate Cox models. Results: Overall, 287 patients were enroled. Median follow-up was 26.9 months. High sTKa (> median) at baseline was associated with higher risk of progression (hazard ratio [HR], 2.21; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 1.45, 3.37; P = 0.0002); similar results were observed for patients with high sTKa levels at C1D15 and C2D1. Early sTKa dynamic patterns were strongly predictive of PFS. The pattern with high sTKa levels at C2D1 following initial de-crease at C1D15 was associated with higher risk of progression versus the pattern with low sTKa levels at both time points (HR, 2.89; 95% CI, 1.57, 5.31; P = 0.0006), while the pattern with high sTKa levels at C1D15 was associated with the shortest PFS (HR, 5.65; CI: 2.84, 11.2; P < 0.0001). Baseline and dynamic sTKa changes provided independent information. Conclusions: sTKa appears to be a new promising prognostic and pharmacodynamic bio-marker in patients with HR+/HER2- ABC treated with ribociclib plus letrozole as first-line therapy. (c) 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

Serum thymidine kinase activity in patients with HR-positive/HER2-negative advanced breast cancer treated with ribociclib plus letrozole: Results from the prospective BioItaLEE trial / Malorni, Luca; Bianchini, Giampaolo; Caputo, Roberta; Zambelli, Alberto; Puglisi, Fabio; Bianchi, Giulia V; Del Mastro, Lucia; Paris, Ida; Montemurro, Filippo; Allegrini, Giacomo; Colleoni, Marco; Tamberi, Stefano; Zamagni, Claudio; Cazzaniga, Marina E; Orditura, Michele; Guarneri, Valentina; Castelletti, Daniela; Benelli, Matteo; Di Marino, Mariacristina; Arpino, Grazia; De Laurentiis, Michelino. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CANCER. - ISSN 1879-0852. - ELETTRONICO. - 186:(2023), pp. 0-0. [10.1016/j.ejca.2023.03.001]

Serum thymidine kinase activity in patients with HR-positive/HER2-negative advanced breast cancer treated with ribociclib plus letrozole: Results from the prospective BioItaLEE trial

Benelli, Matteo;
2023

Abstract

Background: Thymidine kinase 1 (TK1) is an enzyme downstream of the CDK4/6 pathway, with a critical role in DNA synthesis; serum TK1 activity (sTKa) is a novel liquid biopsy biomarker of tumour cell proliferation. Methods: The phase IIIb, BioItaLEE trial (NCT03439046) collected sera from post-menopausal patients with hormone receptor-positive (HR+), HER2-negative (HER2-) ad-vanced breast cancer (ABC) treated with first-line ribociclib plus letrozole at baseline, day 15 of cycle 1 (C1D15), day 1 of cycle 2 (C2D1), and at first imaging. Associations between sTKa assessed at different time points or sTKa dynamic patterns, and progression-free survival (PFS) were evaluated using multivariate Cox models. Results: Overall, 287 patients were enroled. Median follow-up was 26.9 months. High sTKa (> median) at baseline was associated with higher risk of progression (hazard ratio [HR], 2.21; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 1.45, 3.37; P = 0.0002); similar results were observed for patients with high sTKa levels at C1D15 and C2D1. Early sTKa dynamic patterns were strongly predictive of PFS. The pattern with high sTKa levels at C2D1 following initial de-crease at C1D15 was associated with higher risk of progression versus the pattern with low sTKa levels at both time points (HR, 2.89; 95% CI, 1.57, 5.31; P = 0.0006), while the pattern with high sTKa levels at C1D15 was associated with the shortest PFS (HR, 5.65; CI: 2.84, 11.2; P < 0.0001). Baseline and dynamic sTKa changes provided independent information. Conclusions: sTKa appears to be a new promising prognostic and pharmacodynamic bio-marker in patients with HR+/HER2- ABC treated with ribociclib plus letrozole as first-line therapy. (c) 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
2023
186
0
0
Goal 3: Good health and well-being
Malorni, Luca; Bianchini, Giampaolo; Caputo, Roberta; Zambelli, Alberto; Puglisi, Fabio; Bianchi, Giulia V; Del Mastro, Lucia; Paris, Ida; Montemurro, Filippo; Allegrini, Giacomo; Colleoni, Marco; Tamberi, Stefano; Zamagni, Claudio; Cazzaniga, Marina E; Orditura, Michele; Guarneri, Valentina; Castelletti, Daniela; Benelli, Matteo; Di Marino, Mariacristina; Arpino, Grazia; De Laurentiis, Michelino
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1352418
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