Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative form of dementia characterized by the loss of synapses and a progressive decline in cognitive abilities. Among current treatments for AD, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors have efficacy limited to symptom relief, with significant side effects and poor compliance. Pharmacological agents that modulate the activity of type-2 cannabinoid receptors (CB2R) of the endocannabinoid system by activating or blocking them have also been shown to be effective against neuroinflammation. Herein, we describe the design, synthesis, and pharmacological effects in vitro and in vivo of dual-acting compounds that inhibit AChE and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) and target CB2R. Within the investigated series, compound 4g proved to be the most promising. It achieved IC50 values in the low micromolar to submicromolar range against both human cholinesterase isoforms while antagonizing CB2R with K-i of 31 nM. Interestingly, 4g showed neuroprotective effects on the SH-SY5Y cell line thanks to its ability to prevent oxidative stress-induced cell toxicity and reverse scopolamine-induced amnesia in the Y-maze forced alternation test in vivo.

Novel Dual-Acting Hybrids Targeting Type-2 Cannabinoid Receptors and Cholinesterase Activity Show Neuroprotective Effects In Vitro and Amelioration of Cognitive Impairment In Vivo / Mugnaini, Claudia; Brizzi, Antonella; Paolino, Marco; Scarselli, Enrico; Castelli, Riccardo; de Candia, Modesto; Gambacorta, Nicola; Nicolotti, Orazio; Kostrzewa, Magdalena; Kumar, Poulami; Mahmoud, Ali Mokhtar; Borgonetti, Vittoria; Iannotta, Monica; Morace, Andrea; Galeotti, Nicoletta; Maione, Sabatino; Altomare, Cosimo D.; Ligresti, Alessia; Corelli, Federico. - In: ACS CHEMICAL NEUROSCIENCE. - ISSN 1948-7193. - STAMPA. - 15:(2024), pp. 955-971. [10.1021/acschemneuro.3c00656]

Novel Dual-Acting Hybrids Targeting Type-2 Cannabinoid Receptors and Cholinesterase Activity Show Neuroprotective Effects In Vitro and Amelioration of Cognitive Impairment In Vivo

Mugnaini, Claudia;Borgonetti, Vittoria;Galeotti, Nicoletta;Corelli, Federico
2024

Abstract

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative form of dementia characterized by the loss of synapses and a progressive decline in cognitive abilities. Among current treatments for AD, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors have efficacy limited to symptom relief, with significant side effects and poor compliance. Pharmacological agents that modulate the activity of type-2 cannabinoid receptors (CB2R) of the endocannabinoid system by activating or blocking them have also been shown to be effective against neuroinflammation. Herein, we describe the design, synthesis, and pharmacological effects in vitro and in vivo of dual-acting compounds that inhibit AChE and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) and target CB2R. Within the investigated series, compound 4g proved to be the most promising. It achieved IC50 values in the low micromolar to submicromolar range against both human cholinesterase isoforms while antagonizing CB2R with K-i of 31 nM. Interestingly, 4g showed neuroprotective effects on the SH-SY5Y cell line thanks to its ability to prevent oxidative stress-induced cell toxicity and reverse scopolamine-induced amnesia in the Y-maze forced alternation test in vivo.
2024
15
955
971
Mugnaini, Claudia; Brizzi, Antonella; Paolino, Marco; Scarselli, Enrico; Castelli, Riccardo; de Candia, Modesto; Gambacorta, Nicola; Nicolotti, Orazio; Kostrzewa, Magdalena; Kumar, Poulami; Mahmoud, Ali Mokhtar; Borgonetti, Vittoria; Iannotta, Monica; Morace, Andrea; Galeotti, Nicoletta; Maione, Sabatino; Altomare, Cosimo D.; Ligresti, Alessia; Corelli, Federico
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1352532
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