The interband correlations between optical/ultraviolet (UV) and X-ray luminosities of active galactic nuclei (AGNs) are important for understanding the disc-coronal connection, as well as using AGN as standard candles for cosmology. It is conventional to measure the X-ray luminosity at rest-frame 2 keV and compare to the UV luminosity at the rest-frame 2500 angstrom, but the wavelength dependence was never well explored. In this work, we adopt a well-defined sample of 1169 unobscured quasars in the redshift range 0.13-4.51, and apply the direct-correlation method to explore how the correlation with the 2 keV luminosity changes at different optical/UV wavelengths, from 1280 to 5550 angstrom where the spectral quality is high. We find that the luminosity at all UV continuum wavelengths correlates with the X-ray luminosity similarly to that at 2500 angstrom, and that these correlations are better than at the optical wavelengths. Strong self-correlation is also found in the broad-band optical/UV continuum, supporting the scenario that it is dominated by the disc emission. Correlations of various emission lines are also investigated (e.g. C IV, C III], Mg II, H-beta, and [O III]lambda lambda 4959/5007), including the Baldwin effect and correlations involving linewidths. We find the forms of these line correlations are different, and they are also different from their underlying continua, suggesting various complexities in the line-generation process. We discuss these results in the disc-wind scenario. Our study confirms that the rest-frame 2500 angstrom is a good wavelength to represent the optical/UV continual properties of quasars, and shows the advantages of the direct-correlation method.

Wavelength dependences of the optical/UV and X-ray luminosity correlations of quasars / Jin, Chichuan; Lusso, Elisabeta; Ward, Martin; Done, Chris; Middei, Riccardo. - In: MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY. - ISSN 0035-8711. - ELETTRONICO. - 527:(2024), pp. 356-373. [10.1093/mnras/stad3193]

Wavelength dependences of the optical/UV and X-ray luminosity correlations of quasars

Lusso, Elisabeta;
2024

Abstract

The interband correlations between optical/ultraviolet (UV) and X-ray luminosities of active galactic nuclei (AGNs) are important for understanding the disc-coronal connection, as well as using AGN as standard candles for cosmology. It is conventional to measure the X-ray luminosity at rest-frame 2 keV and compare to the UV luminosity at the rest-frame 2500 angstrom, but the wavelength dependence was never well explored. In this work, we adopt a well-defined sample of 1169 unobscured quasars in the redshift range 0.13-4.51, and apply the direct-correlation method to explore how the correlation with the 2 keV luminosity changes at different optical/UV wavelengths, from 1280 to 5550 angstrom where the spectral quality is high. We find that the luminosity at all UV continuum wavelengths correlates with the X-ray luminosity similarly to that at 2500 angstrom, and that these correlations are better than at the optical wavelengths. Strong self-correlation is also found in the broad-band optical/UV continuum, supporting the scenario that it is dominated by the disc emission. Correlations of various emission lines are also investigated (e.g. C IV, C III], Mg II, H-beta, and [O III]lambda lambda 4959/5007), including the Baldwin effect and correlations involving linewidths. We find the forms of these line correlations are different, and they are also different from their underlying continua, suggesting various complexities in the line-generation process. We discuss these results in the disc-wind scenario. Our study confirms that the rest-frame 2500 angstrom is a good wavelength to represent the optical/UV continual properties of quasars, and shows the advantages of the direct-correlation method.
2024
527
356
373
Jin, Chichuan; Lusso, Elisabeta; Ward, Martin; Done, Chris; Middei, Riccardo
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1352873
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