Introduction: There is only limited literature available evaluating the preferable treatment for active mid-age or elderly patients presenting with a degenerative medial meniscus root tear (d-MMRT) with medial meniscal extrusion (MME) and early-phase radiographic osteoarthritis (OA), failing to provide solid evidence. The aim of this study was to evaluate early outcomes of medial unicompartimental arthroplasty (mUKA) in active patients presenting a d-MMRT with meniscal extrusion and mild radiographic OA of the knee. To prove this claim we hypothesized that (1) patients with a d-MMRT with initial grade 1-3 KL OA of the medial compartment of the knee present the same pre-operative symptoms as patients with an end-stage grade 4 K-L OA, and that (2) those patients with d-MMRT and low-grade OA achieve the same early clinical and functional outcomes when treated with mUKA compared to patients with end-stage medial OA. Methods: We reviewed the prospectively collected data of 185 patients undergoing robotic-assisted image-based mUKA from January 2021 to July 2022 at a single Institution. We identified two different cohorts of non-consecutive patients: a group of 24 patients undergoing mUKA surgery following d-MMRT combined with K-L grades 1-3 OA (group 1), and a group of 161 patients who underwent mUKA but presenting with an end-stage bone-on-bone K-L grade 4 OA (group 2). Preoperative and postoperative clinical assessments at one-year follow-up included the Oxford Knee Score (OKS), 5-level EQ-5D version (EQ-5D-5L score), and a standard weight-bearing X-ray protocol. The paired t-test was used to compare clinical outcomes and radiologic values of the two cohorts and in-between the two cohorts. Statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. Results: The mean follow-up for group 1 was 16.4 ± 2.5 months, and the mean age at the time of operation was 63 ± 8.6 years with a mean time from diagnosis to intervention of 53 ± 47.5 days. Preoperative impairment was greater in group 1 compared to group 2, but with no significant difference. Postoperatively, both groups showed excellent mean outcomes at 1-year follow-up, with no significant difference. The mean preoperative HKA, mPTA, and LDFA were 176.3 ± 3.1, 88.1 ± 2.3, and 86.6 ± 1.7 respectively. The mean postoperative HKA, coronal femoral component angle, and coronal tibial component angle were 179.1 ± 2.6, 87.2 ± 2.3, and 87.2 ± 3.3. No difference was found between preoperative age, BMI, between the two cohorts. Conclusions: Favorable early clinical outcomes were obtained after mUKA in active mid-age and elderly patients presenting with degenerative medial meniscus root tear and mild isolated medial OA. Patients with mild no bone-on-bone OA but with degenerative medial meniscus root tear and medial meniscal extrusion presented the same or worse pre-operative symptoms as patients with end-stage medial OA and benefit the same from mUKA.

Favorable early outcomes of medial unicompartimental knee arthroplasty in active patients presenting a degenerative medial meniscus root tear with meniscal extrusion and mild radiographic osteoarthritis / Innocenti, Matteo; Leggieri, Filippo; Huber, Kim; Christen, Bernard; Calliess, Tilman. - In: ARCHIVES OF ORTHOPAEDIC AND TRAUMA SURGERY. - ISSN 1434-3916. - ELETTRONICO. - (2024), pp. 0-0. [10.1007/s00402-024-05233-5]

Favorable early outcomes of medial unicompartimental knee arthroplasty in active patients presenting a degenerative medial meniscus root tear with meniscal extrusion and mild radiographic osteoarthritis

Innocenti, Matteo;Leggieri, Filippo;
2024

Abstract

Introduction: There is only limited literature available evaluating the preferable treatment for active mid-age or elderly patients presenting with a degenerative medial meniscus root tear (d-MMRT) with medial meniscal extrusion (MME) and early-phase radiographic osteoarthritis (OA), failing to provide solid evidence. The aim of this study was to evaluate early outcomes of medial unicompartimental arthroplasty (mUKA) in active patients presenting a d-MMRT with meniscal extrusion and mild radiographic OA of the knee. To prove this claim we hypothesized that (1) patients with a d-MMRT with initial grade 1-3 KL OA of the medial compartment of the knee present the same pre-operative symptoms as patients with an end-stage grade 4 K-L OA, and that (2) those patients with d-MMRT and low-grade OA achieve the same early clinical and functional outcomes when treated with mUKA compared to patients with end-stage medial OA. Methods: We reviewed the prospectively collected data of 185 patients undergoing robotic-assisted image-based mUKA from January 2021 to July 2022 at a single Institution. We identified two different cohorts of non-consecutive patients: a group of 24 patients undergoing mUKA surgery following d-MMRT combined with K-L grades 1-3 OA (group 1), and a group of 161 patients who underwent mUKA but presenting with an end-stage bone-on-bone K-L grade 4 OA (group 2). Preoperative and postoperative clinical assessments at one-year follow-up included the Oxford Knee Score (OKS), 5-level EQ-5D version (EQ-5D-5L score), and a standard weight-bearing X-ray protocol. The paired t-test was used to compare clinical outcomes and radiologic values of the two cohorts and in-between the two cohorts. Statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. Results: The mean follow-up for group 1 was 16.4 ± 2.5 months, and the mean age at the time of operation was 63 ± 8.6 years with a mean time from diagnosis to intervention of 53 ± 47.5 days. Preoperative impairment was greater in group 1 compared to group 2, but with no significant difference. Postoperatively, both groups showed excellent mean outcomes at 1-year follow-up, with no significant difference. The mean preoperative HKA, mPTA, and LDFA were 176.3 ± 3.1, 88.1 ± 2.3, and 86.6 ± 1.7 respectively. The mean postoperative HKA, coronal femoral component angle, and coronal tibial component angle were 179.1 ± 2.6, 87.2 ± 2.3, and 87.2 ± 3.3. No difference was found between preoperative age, BMI, between the two cohorts. Conclusions: Favorable early clinical outcomes were obtained after mUKA in active mid-age and elderly patients presenting with degenerative medial meniscus root tear and mild isolated medial OA. Patients with mild no bone-on-bone OA but with degenerative medial meniscus root tear and medial meniscal extrusion presented the same or worse pre-operative symptoms as patients with end-stage medial OA and benefit the same from mUKA.
2024
0
0
Innocenti, Matteo; Leggieri, Filippo; Huber, Kim; Christen, Bernard; Calliess, Tilman
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1352874
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