Cisplatin is an antimitotic drug able to cause acute and chronic gastrointestinal side effects. Acute side effects are attributable to mucositis while chronic ones are due to neuropathy. Cisplatin has also antibiotic properties inducing dysbiosis which enhances the inflammatory response, worsening local damage. Thus, a treatment aimed at protecting the microbiota could prevent or reduce the toxicity of chemotherapy. Furthermore, since a healthy microbiota enhances the effects of some chemotherapeutic drugs, prebiotics could also improve this drug effectiveness. We investigated whether chronic cisplatin administration determined morphological and functional alterations in mouse proximal colon and whether a diet enriched in prebiotics had protective effects. The results showed that cisplatin caused lack of weight gain, increase in kaolin intake, decrease in stool production and mucus secretion. Prebiotics prevented increases in kaolin intake, changes in stool production and mucus secretion, but had no effect on the lack of weight gain. Moreover, cisplatin determined a reduction in amplitude of spontaneous muscular contractions and of Connexin (Cx)43 expression in the interstitial cells of Cajal, changes that were partially prevented by prebiotics. In conclusion, the present study shows that daily administration of prebiotics, likely protecting the microbiota, prevents most of the colonic cisplatin-induced alterations.

Prebiotics counteract the morphological and functional changes secondary to chronic cisplatin exposition in the proximal colon of mice / Cristina Biagioni, Chiara Traini, Maria Simonetta Faussone-Pellegrini, | Eglantina Idrizaj, Maria Caterina Baccari, Maria Giuliana Vannucchi. - In: JOURNAL OF CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR MEDICINE. - ISSN 1582-4934. - ELETTRONICO. - ...:(2024), pp. ....1-....12. [10.1111/jcmm.18161]

Prebiotics counteract the morphological and functional changes secondary to chronic cisplatin exposition in the proximal colon of mice.

Cristina Biagioni;Chiara Traini;Maria Simonetta Faussone-Pellegrini;| Eglantina Idrizaj;Maria Caterina Baccari;Maria Giuliana Vannucchi
2024

Abstract

Cisplatin is an antimitotic drug able to cause acute and chronic gastrointestinal side effects. Acute side effects are attributable to mucositis while chronic ones are due to neuropathy. Cisplatin has also antibiotic properties inducing dysbiosis which enhances the inflammatory response, worsening local damage. Thus, a treatment aimed at protecting the microbiota could prevent or reduce the toxicity of chemotherapy. Furthermore, since a healthy microbiota enhances the effects of some chemotherapeutic drugs, prebiotics could also improve this drug effectiveness. We investigated whether chronic cisplatin administration determined morphological and functional alterations in mouse proximal colon and whether a diet enriched in prebiotics had protective effects. The results showed that cisplatin caused lack of weight gain, increase in kaolin intake, decrease in stool production and mucus secretion. Prebiotics prevented increases in kaolin intake, changes in stool production and mucus secretion, but had no effect on the lack of weight gain. Moreover, cisplatin determined a reduction in amplitude of spontaneous muscular contractions and of Connexin (Cx)43 expression in the interstitial cells of Cajal, changes that were partially prevented by prebiotics. In conclusion, the present study shows that daily administration of prebiotics, likely protecting the microbiota, prevents most of the colonic cisplatin-induced alterations.
2024
...
1
12
Cristina Biagioni, Chiara Traini, Maria Simonetta Faussone-Pellegrini, | Eglantina Idrizaj, Maria Caterina Baccari, Maria Giuliana Vannucchi
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1354340
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