Plasma-derived therapeutic proteins are produced through an industrial fractionation process where proteins are purified from individual intermediates, some of which remain unused and are discarded. Relatively few plasma-derived proteins are exploited clinically, with most of available plasma being directed towards the manufacture of immunoglobulin and albumin. Although the plasma proteome provides opportunities to develop novel protein replacement therapies, particularly for rare diseases, the high cost of plasma together with small patient populations impact negatively on the development of plasma-derived orphan drugs. Enabling therapeutics development from unused plasma fractionation intermediates would therefore constitute a substantial innovation. To this objective, we characterized the proteome of unused plasma fractionation intermediates and prioritized proteins for their potential as new candidate therapies for human disease. We selected ceruloplasmin, a plasma ferroxidase, as a potential therapy for aceruloplasminemia, an adult-onset ultra-rare neurological disease caused by iron accumulation as a result of ceruloplasmin mutations. Intraperitoneally administered ceruloplasmin, purified from an unused plasma fractionation intermediate, was able to prevent neurological, hepatic and hematological phenotypes in ceruloplasmin-deficient mice. These data demonstrate the feasibility of transforming industrial waste plasma fraction into a raw material for manufacturing of new candidate proteins for replacement therapies, optimizing plasma use and reducing waste generation.Proteomics of waste intermediates from industrial plasma fractionation samples revealed new candidate therapeutic proteins such as ceruloplasmin, which reverted central nervous system and peripheral deficits in ceruloplasmin-deficient mice.

New orphan disease therapies from the proteome of industrial plasma processing waste- a treatment for aceruloplasminemia / Zanardi, Alan; Nardini, Ilaria; Raia, Sara; Conti, Antonio; Ferrini, Barbara; D’Adamo, Patrizia; Gilberti, Enrica; DePalma, Giuseppe; Belloli, Sara; Monterisi, Cristina; Coliva, Angela; Rainone, Paolo; Moresco, Rosa Maria; Mori, Filippo; Zurlo, Giada; Scali, Carla; Natali, Letizia; Pancanti, Annalisa; Giovacchini, Pierangelo; Magherini, Giulio; Tovani, Greta; Salvini, Laura; Cicaloni, Vittoria; Tinti, Cristina; Tinti, Laura; Lana, Daniele; Magni, Giada; Giovannini, Maria Grazia; Gringeri, Alessandro; Caricasole, Andrea; Alessio, Massimo. - In: COMMUNICATIONS BIOLOGY. - ISSN 2399-3642. - ELETTRONICO. - 7:(2024), pp. 140.0-140.0. [10.1038/s42003-024-05820-7]

New orphan disease therapies from the proteome of industrial plasma processing waste- a treatment for aceruloplasminemia

Conti, Antonio;Scali, Carla;Magherini, Giulio;Cicaloni, Vittoria;Tinti, Cristina;Lana, Daniele;Magni, Giada;Giovannini, Maria Grazia;
2024

Abstract

Plasma-derived therapeutic proteins are produced through an industrial fractionation process where proteins are purified from individual intermediates, some of which remain unused and are discarded. Relatively few plasma-derived proteins are exploited clinically, with most of available plasma being directed towards the manufacture of immunoglobulin and albumin. Although the plasma proteome provides opportunities to develop novel protein replacement therapies, particularly for rare diseases, the high cost of plasma together with small patient populations impact negatively on the development of plasma-derived orphan drugs. Enabling therapeutics development from unused plasma fractionation intermediates would therefore constitute a substantial innovation. To this objective, we characterized the proteome of unused plasma fractionation intermediates and prioritized proteins for their potential as new candidate therapies for human disease. We selected ceruloplasmin, a plasma ferroxidase, as a potential therapy for aceruloplasminemia, an adult-onset ultra-rare neurological disease caused by iron accumulation as a result of ceruloplasmin mutations. Intraperitoneally administered ceruloplasmin, purified from an unused plasma fractionation intermediate, was able to prevent neurological, hepatic and hematological phenotypes in ceruloplasmin-deficient mice. These data demonstrate the feasibility of transforming industrial waste plasma fraction into a raw material for manufacturing of new candidate proteins for replacement therapies, optimizing plasma use and reducing waste generation.Proteomics of waste intermediates from industrial plasma fractionation samples revealed new candidate therapeutic proteins such as ceruloplasmin, which reverted central nervous system and peripheral deficits in ceruloplasmin-deficient mice.
2024
7
0
0
Goal 3: Good health and well-being
Zanardi, Alan; Nardini, Ilaria; Raia, Sara; Conti, Antonio; Ferrini, Barbara; D’Adamo, Patrizia; Gilberti, Enrica; DePalma, Giuseppe; Belloli, Sara; Monterisi, Cristina; Coliva, Angela; Rainone, Paolo; Moresco, Rosa Maria; Mori, Filippo; Zurlo, Giada; Scali, Carla; Natali, Letizia; Pancanti, Annalisa; Giovacchini, Pierangelo; Magherini, Giulio; Tovani, Greta; Salvini, Laura; Cicaloni, Vittoria; Tinti, Cristina; Tinti, Laura; Lana, Daniele; Magni, Giada; Giovannini, Maria Grazia; Gringeri, Alessandro; Caricasole, Andrea; Alessio, Massimo
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Descrizione: Zanardi et al., 2024
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1355855
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