Introduction: The best approach of the bladder cuff (i.e., transvesical, extravesical, endoscopic) during radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) remains an unsolved question. The aim of this review is to compare the oncological and perioperative outcomes among three different approaches of the distal ureter during RNU. Evidence acquisition: A literature search was conducted through June 2022 using PubMed/Medline, Embase, and Web of Science databases. Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) guidelines were followed to identify eligible studies. The primary outcome was bladder recurrence-free survival and secondary outcomes included: perioperative outcomes, metastasis-free survival, and cancer-specific survival. Evidence synthesis: A total of 19 non-randomized studies comprising 6581 patients met our inclusion criteria. The risk of bladder recurrence, metastasis and cancer-related death did not differ significantly between each approach (all P>0.05). In subgroup analysis excluding patients with history of bladder cancer, the risk of bladder recurrence remained similar between each approach (all P>0.05). There was no significant difference in terms of operative time, estimated blood loss, length of hospital stay, and postoperative complications between each approach (all P>0.05). The main limitation is the retrospective design of 18/19 included studies. Conclusions: The present systematic review and meta-analysis highlights the lack of high-level evidence on distal ureter management during RNU. On the basis of the available data, the present review supports the equivalence of different techniques of bladder cuff excision during RNU. The extravesical approach seems non-inferior to the transvesical approach in terms of oncological and perioperative outcomes.

Perioperative and oncological outcomes of distal ureter management during nephroureterectomy for upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis / Gallioli, Andrea; Baboudjian, Michael; Diana, Pietro; Moschini, Marco; Xylinas, Evanguelos; Del Giudice, Francesco; Laukhtina, Ekaterina; Soria, Francesco; Mari, Andrea; Subiela, José D; Rouy, Mathieu; Territo, Angelo; Basile, Giuseppe; Palou, Joan; Pradere, Benjamin; Breda, Alberto. - In: MINERVA UROLOGY AND NEPHROLOGY. - ISSN 2724-6442. - ELETTRONICO. - 75:(2023), pp. 0-0. [10.23736/S2724-6051.23.05448-4]

Perioperative and oncological outcomes of distal ureter management during nephroureterectomy for upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Mari, Andrea;
2023

Abstract

Introduction: The best approach of the bladder cuff (i.e., transvesical, extravesical, endoscopic) during radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) remains an unsolved question. The aim of this review is to compare the oncological and perioperative outcomes among three different approaches of the distal ureter during RNU. Evidence acquisition: A literature search was conducted through June 2022 using PubMed/Medline, Embase, and Web of Science databases. Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) guidelines were followed to identify eligible studies. The primary outcome was bladder recurrence-free survival and secondary outcomes included: perioperative outcomes, metastasis-free survival, and cancer-specific survival. Evidence synthesis: A total of 19 non-randomized studies comprising 6581 patients met our inclusion criteria. The risk of bladder recurrence, metastasis and cancer-related death did not differ significantly between each approach (all P>0.05). In subgroup analysis excluding patients with history of bladder cancer, the risk of bladder recurrence remained similar between each approach (all P>0.05). There was no significant difference in terms of operative time, estimated blood loss, length of hospital stay, and postoperative complications between each approach (all P>0.05). The main limitation is the retrospective design of 18/19 included studies. Conclusions: The present systematic review and meta-analysis highlights the lack of high-level evidence on distal ureter management during RNU. On the basis of the available data, the present review supports the equivalence of different techniques of bladder cuff excision during RNU. The extravesical approach seems non-inferior to the transvesical approach in terms of oncological and perioperative outcomes.
2023
75
0
0
Gallioli, Andrea; Baboudjian, Michael; Diana, Pietro; Moschini, Marco; Xylinas, Evanguelos; Del Giudice, Francesco; Laukhtina, Ekaterina; Soria, Francesco; Mari, Andrea; Subiela, José D; Rouy, Mathieu; Territo, Angelo; Basile, Giuseppe; Palou, Joan; Pradere, Benjamin; Breda, Alberto
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1357936
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