ObjectivesAlthough secondary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) has been reported in children with critical illness of various etiologies, it has not been reported in patients with febrile infection-related epilepsy syndrome (FIRES). We describe a series of patients with concurrent HLH and FIRES in an effort to establish common pathophysiologic abnormalities. MethodsFive patients with FIRES who were assessed for HLH were identified from a neurocritical care database. All were previously healthy and had extensive diagnostic testing. All had clinical deterioration with multiorgan dysfunction prompting HLH screening 20-29days after hospitalization. Markers for inflammatory dysregulation were assessed in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum at various time points. Outcomes were assessed 6months after presentation. ResultsThree patients met clinical criteria for secondary HLH. Elevation of specific cytokines/chemokines was variable. CSF neopterin, high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), and C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 8 (CXCL8) were significantly elevated in all. Interleukin-1 (IL-1) and IL-18 were not elevated in any of the samples. Treatment and outcomes were variable. SignificanceWe describe 3 patients with HLH and FIRES. The co-occurrence of these 2 rare disorders suggests the possibility of a common immune dysregulation phenotype prolonging epileptogenesis. HLH screening in critically ill patients with FIRES may yield a broader understanding of shared inflammatory processes.

Fueling the FIRES: Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis in febrile infection-related epilepsy syndrome / Farias-Moeller R; LaFrance-Corey R; Bartolini L; Wells EM; Baker M; Doslea A; Suslovic W; Greenberg J; Carpenter JL; Howe CL. - In: EPILEPSIA. - ISSN 0013-9580. - ELETTRONICO. - 59:(2018), pp. 1753-1763. [10.1111/epi.14524]

Fueling the FIRES: Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis in febrile infection-related epilepsy syndrome

Bartolini L;
2018

Abstract

ObjectivesAlthough secondary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) has been reported in children with critical illness of various etiologies, it has not been reported in patients with febrile infection-related epilepsy syndrome (FIRES). We describe a series of patients with concurrent HLH and FIRES in an effort to establish common pathophysiologic abnormalities. MethodsFive patients with FIRES who were assessed for HLH were identified from a neurocritical care database. All were previously healthy and had extensive diagnostic testing. All had clinical deterioration with multiorgan dysfunction prompting HLH screening 20-29days after hospitalization. Markers for inflammatory dysregulation were assessed in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum at various time points. Outcomes were assessed 6months after presentation. ResultsThree patients met clinical criteria for secondary HLH. Elevation of specific cytokines/chemokines was variable. CSF neopterin, high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), and C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 8 (CXCL8) were significantly elevated in all. Interleukin-1 (IL-1) and IL-18 were not elevated in any of the samples. Treatment and outcomes were variable. SignificanceWe describe 3 patients with HLH and FIRES. The co-occurrence of these 2 rare disorders suggests the possibility of a common immune dysregulation phenotype prolonging epileptogenesis. HLH screening in critically ill patients with FIRES may yield a broader understanding of shared inflammatory processes.
2018
59
1753
1763
Farias-Moeller R; LaFrance-Corey R; Bartolini L; Wells EM; Baker M; Doslea A; Suslovic W; Greenberg J; Carpenter JL; Howe CL
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1358139
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