R-(+)-hyoscyamine, the dextro enantiomer of atropine, has been shown to amplify cholinergic transmission. R-(+)-hyoscyamine, unlike S-(–)-hyoscyamine, was able to increase acetylcholine release both in vitro and in vivo at a range of concentrations (10–14to 10-12M) and doses (5 µg i.p.) which were inadequate for blocking muscarinic receptors. The increase over control values in ACh release was 15.9 ± 2.1% in in vitro experiments performed in rat phrenic nerve-hemidiaphragm preparations (n = 6), and 63.3+16.3% in cortical microdialysis performed in free-moving rats (n = 5). The maximum ACh release was reached 60 min after R-(+)-hyoscyamine administration in in vivo experiments. At the same doses and concentrations, R-(+)-hyoscyamine was also able to elicit: antinociception of a cholinergic type (55.6-112.7% depending on the test used); complete prevention of scopolamine- and dicyclomine-induced amnesia; potentiation of muscular contractions electrically evoked in isolated guinea-pig ileum (16.7 ± 3.6%) and in rat phrenic nerve-hemidiaphragm (19.9 ± 3.2%) preparations. Antinociception was performed using the hot-plate and acetic acid abdominal constriction tests in mice, and the paw pressure test in rats, while prevention of induced amnesia was evaluated in mice using the passive-avoidance test. The respective affinities (pA2) for R- (+)- and S-(–)-hyoscyamine vs M1 (rabbit vas deferens),M, (rat atrium) and M3(rat ileum) receptor subtypes were as follows: 7.05 ± 0.05/9.33 t 0.03 for M1; 7.25 ± 0.04/8.95 ± 0.01 for M2;6.88 ± 0.05/9.04 ± 0.03 for M3.The respective pKi values for R-(+)- and S-(–) -hyoscyamine vs the five human muscarinic receptor subtypes expressed in Chinese hamster oocytes (CHO-KJ were as follows: 8.21 ± 0.07/9.48 ±0.18 for m1; 7.89 ± 0.06/9.45 ± 0.31 for m2; 8.06 ± 0.18/9.30 ± 0.19 for m3; 8.35 ±0.11/9.55 ±0.13 for m4; 8.17 ±0.08/9.24 ±0.30 for m5

STEREOSELECTIVE INCREASE IN CHOLINERGIC TRANSMISSION BY R-(+)- HYOSCYAMINE / C. GHELARDINI; F. GUALTIERI; M. ROMANELLI; P. ANGELI; G. PEPEU; M. GIOVANNINI; F. CASAMENTI; P. MALMBERG; A. GIOTTI; A. BARTOLINI. - In: NEUROPHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0028-3908. - STAMPA. - 36:(1997), pp. 281-294. [10.1016/S0028-3908(97)83761-6]

STEREOSELECTIVE INCREASE IN CHOLINERGIC TRANSMISSION BY R-(+)- HYOSCYAMINE

GHELARDINI, CARLA;ROMANELLI, MARIA NOVELLA;GIOVANNINI, MARIA GRAZIA;CASAMENTI, FIORELLA;
1997

Abstract

R-(+)-hyoscyamine, the dextro enantiomer of atropine, has been shown to amplify cholinergic transmission. R-(+)-hyoscyamine, unlike S-(–)-hyoscyamine, was able to increase acetylcholine release both in vitro and in vivo at a range of concentrations (10–14to 10-12M) and doses (5 µg i.p.) which were inadequate for blocking muscarinic receptors. The increase over control values in ACh release was 15.9 ± 2.1% in in vitro experiments performed in rat phrenic nerve-hemidiaphragm preparations (n = 6), and 63.3+16.3% in cortical microdialysis performed in free-moving rats (n = 5). The maximum ACh release was reached 60 min after R-(+)-hyoscyamine administration in in vivo experiments. At the same doses and concentrations, R-(+)-hyoscyamine was also able to elicit: antinociception of a cholinergic type (55.6-112.7% depending on the test used); complete prevention of scopolamine- and dicyclomine-induced amnesia; potentiation of muscular contractions electrically evoked in isolated guinea-pig ileum (16.7 ± 3.6%) and in rat phrenic nerve-hemidiaphragm (19.9 ± 3.2%) preparations. Antinociception was performed using the hot-plate and acetic acid abdominal constriction tests in mice, and the paw pressure test in rats, while prevention of induced amnesia was evaluated in mice using the passive-avoidance test. The respective affinities (pA2) for R- (+)- and S-(–)-hyoscyamine vs M1 (rabbit vas deferens),M, (rat atrium) and M3(rat ileum) receptor subtypes were as follows: 7.05 ± 0.05/9.33 t 0.03 for M1; 7.25 ± 0.04/8.95 ± 0.01 for M2;6.88 ± 0.05/9.04 ± 0.03 for M3.The respective pKi values for R-(+)- and S-(–) -hyoscyamine vs the five human muscarinic receptor subtypes expressed in Chinese hamster oocytes (CHO-KJ were as follows: 8.21 ± 0.07/9.48 ±0.18 for m1; 7.89 ± 0.06/9.45 ± 0.31 for m2; 8.06 ± 0.18/9.30 ± 0.19 for m3; 8.35 ±0.11/9.55 ±0.13 for m4; 8.17 ±0.08/9.24 ±0.30 for m5
36
281
294
C. GHELARDINI; F. GUALTIERI; M. ROMANELLI; P. ANGELI; G. PEPEU; M. GIOVANNINI; F. CASAMENTI; P. MALMBERG; A. GIOTTI; A. BARTOLINI
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2158/15989
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