1. 5-hydroxyindole (5-OHi) is a proposed tryptophan metabolite able to cause convulsions when systemically injected into rodents. We studied its effects using microdialysis in vivo and electrophysiological approaches in vitro. 2. Local administration of 5-OHi into the CA1 region of the rat hippocampus, via a microdialysis probe, significantly increased glutamate concentrations in the dialysates. 3. In rat hippocampal slices, using extracellular recordings in the CA1 region, 5-OHi (30-300 μM) increased the amplitude of population spikes and fEPSPs. 4. In the same preparation, using intracellular recordings in CA1 pyramidal neurons, 5-OHi reduced the latency of firing induced by direct depolarization and increased both evoked excitatory and slow inhibitory postsynaptic potential amplitudes, without affecting the resting membrane potential, the after-hyperpolarization or the neuronal input resistance. It also altered GABA A-mediated neurotransmission by increasing the frequency and the amplitude of pharmacologically isolated spontaneous inhibitory postsynaptic currents (sIPSC). 5. In separate experiments, performed by measuring AMPA or NMDA-induced depolarization in cortical wedges, 5-OHi did not modify glutamate receptor agonist responses. 6. Our results show that 5-OHi causes convulsions, modifies the properties and the function of the hippocampal circuitry, and facilitates the output of both excitatory and inhibitory transmitters.

5-HYDROXYINDOLE CAUSES CONVULSIONS AND INCREASES TRANSMITTER RELEASE IN THE CA1 REGION OF RAT HIPPOCAMPUS / G. MANNAIONI; R. CARPENEDO; F. MORONI. - In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0007-1188. - STAMPA. - 138:(2003), pp. 245-253.

5-HYDROXYINDOLE CAUSES CONVULSIONS AND INCREASES TRANSMITTER RELEASE IN THE CA1 REGION OF RAT HIPPOCAMPUS

MANNAIONI, GUIDO;MORONI, FLAVIO
2003

Abstract

1. 5-hydroxyindole (5-OHi) is a proposed tryptophan metabolite able to cause convulsions when systemically injected into rodents. We studied its effects using microdialysis in vivo and electrophysiological approaches in vitro. 2. Local administration of 5-OHi into the CA1 region of the rat hippocampus, via a microdialysis probe, significantly increased glutamate concentrations in the dialysates. 3. In rat hippocampal slices, using extracellular recordings in the CA1 region, 5-OHi (30-300 μM) increased the amplitude of population spikes and fEPSPs. 4. In the same preparation, using intracellular recordings in CA1 pyramidal neurons, 5-OHi reduced the latency of firing induced by direct depolarization and increased both evoked excitatory and slow inhibitory postsynaptic potential amplitudes, without affecting the resting membrane potential, the after-hyperpolarization or the neuronal input resistance. It also altered GABA A-mediated neurotransmission by increasing the frequency and the amplitude of pharmacologically isolated spontaneous inhibitory postsynaptic currents (sIPSC). 5. In separate experiments, performed by measuring AMPA or NMDA-induced depolarization in cortical wedges, 5-OHi did not modify glutamate receptor agonist responses. 6. Our results show that 5-OHi causes convulsions, modifies the properties and the function of the hippocampal circuitry, and facilitates the output of both excitatory and inhibitory transmitters.
138
245
253
G. MANNAIONI; R. CARPENEDO; F. MORONI
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2158/18045
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