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|Titolo:||Respiratory responses to thyrotropin-releasing hormone microinjected into the rabbit medulla oblongata.|
|Autori interni:||MUTOLO, DONATELLA|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1999|
|Rivista:||AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY. REGULATORY, INTEGRATIVE AND COMPARATIVE PHYSIOLOGY|
|Abstract:||We investigated the respiratory role of thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) input to medullary structures involved in the control of breathing in anesthetized, vagotomized, paralyzed, and artificially ventilated rabbits. Microinjections (10-20 nl) of 1 or 10 mM TRH were performed in different regions of the ventral respiratory group (VRG), namely the rostral expiratory portion or Bötzinger complex (Böt. c.), the inspiratory portion, the transition zone between these two neuronal pools, and the caudal expiratory component. TRH microinjections were also performed in the dorsal respiratory group (DRG) and the area postrema (AP). Injection sites were localized by using stereotaxic coordinates and extracellular recordings of neuronal activity; their locations were confirmed by subsequent histological control. TRH microinjections in the Böt. c. and the directly caudally located region where a mix of inspiratory and expiratory neurons were encountered elicited depressant respiratory responses. TRH microinjections were completely ineffective at sites within the inspiratory and the caudal expiratory components of the VRG. TRH microinjections in either the DRG or the AP induced excitatory effects on inspiratory activity. The results show for the first time that TRH may exert inhibitory influences on respiration at medullary levels by acting on rostral expiratory neurons and that not only the DRG, as previously suggested, but also the AP may mediate TRH-induced excitatory effects on respiration.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1a - Articolo su rivista|
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