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|Titolo:||Petrology and Geochemistry of the Ultrapotassic rocks from the Sabatini Volcanic District, Central Italy: The role of Evolutionary processes in the Genesis of Variably enriched alkaline magmas. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Reserch|
|Autori interni:||CONTICELLI, SANDRO|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1997|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF VOLCANOLOGY AND GEOTHERMAL RESEARCH|
|Abstract:||The Sabatini Volcanic District (SVD) is a large volcanic field characterised by the lack of any major volcanic center. Its activity, spread over a wide area, started at 0.6 Ma and developed through five main phases, during which several calderas and the Bracciano lake volcano-tectonic depression were formed. All the volcanic rocks belong to the Roman-type ultrapotassic series (HKS), ranging from leucite tephrites to leucite and haüyne phonolites. Although the major- and compatible-element contents indicate a single series of evolution, there are differences in the incompatible trace-element abundances. A high-Ba series (HBaS) has been distinguished from a low-Ba series (LBaS), with the former also enriched in all other incompatible elements (e.g., REE, Nb, Zr, Th) except Rb. The HBaS rocks are plagioclase-free, leucite-bearing lavas and were abundantly outpoured from the Bracciano volcanoes during the third and fifth phase of activity. Plagioclase- and phlogopite-bearing rocks constitute the LBaS and were erupted during the other phases generally from smaller and eccentric volcanic centers. The initial 87Sr/86Sr values are higher in the HBaS rocks and do not vary significantly with magma evolution (0.71047–0.71080), but cover a wider range in the LBaS rocks (0.70944–0.71038), with the lowest Sr isotope ratios occurring in the least evolved lavas. The higher Ca content in the olivine and Ti and AlIV in the clinopyroxene, and the lower ulvöspinel content of the Ti-magnetites of the HBaS rocks suggest an evolution at lower pressure and higher temperature for this magma. The observed petrologic characteristics suggest that the HBaS magma evolved at lower depths by processes of refilling, tapping, fractionation and probably assimilation (RTFA), where the crystallisation rate of clinopyroxene+leucite±olivine dominates over the input rate of the fresh magma. The LBaS magma evolved at slightly higher pressure, in separate and small magma bodies, by fractional crystallisation of clinopyroxene+plagioclase±phlogopite±olivine that was often associated with crustal assimilation (AFC). It has been suggested that RTFA processes with high input rate/crystallisation rate ratios could also be responsible for the differentiation between the HBaS and LBaS. The different processes of evolution undergone by the HBaS and LBaS could have been related to the different volumes of magma rising from the source.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1a - Articolo su rivista|
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