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|Titolo:||HOW THE HUMAN VISUAL SYSTEM ENCODES THE ORIENTATION OF A TEXTURE AND WHY IT MAKES MISTAKES.|
|Autori interni:||BALDASSI, STEFANO|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1997|
|Abstract:||Human observers are exquisitely sensitive to tilt in the orientation of a line. We can detect rotations away from the vertical of 0.5 degrees, It has been suggested [1,2] that this accuracy is a result of the orientation-selectivity of simple cells in the primary visual cortex (V1), many of which have receptive fields with an elliptical shape , However, it is possible to sense the tilt of many stimuli that are unlikely to have their tilt directly encoded by such cells, For example, a garment such as a tie with diagonal stripes would predominantly stimulate cells in V1 tuned to an orientation of the stripes; yet we could tell whether or not the garment as a whole was tilted from the vertical, The perception of oriented textures is subject to systematic errors, however, A striking example is the Fraser 'twisted cord' illusion (Figure 1) in which we see the global orientation of the horizontal texture-defined lines as being tilted in the direction of its locally tilted segments, If the component segments are at a larger angle (30 degrees) to the global orientation, on the other hand, the perceived shift is in the opposite direction, We have measured these effects psychophysically, and we propose a model in which second-order orientation units receive excitation from V1 units of similar orientation, but inhibition from V1 units of dissimilar orientation. Our model correctly predicts that making the textures different in average brightness from the background will reduce the illusions.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1a - Articolo su rivista|
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