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|Titolo:||BLADE COOLING IMPROVEMENT FOR HEAVY DUTY GAS TURBINE: THE AIR COOLANT TEMPERATURE REDUCTION AND THE INTRODUCTION OF STEAM AND MIXED/AIR COOLING|
|Autori interni:||FACCHINI, BRUNO|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Rivista:||INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF THERMAL SCIENCES|
|Abstract:||Abstract This paper proposes a theoretical study of some alternative solutions to improve the blade cooling in the heavy-duty gas turbine. The study moves to the evaluations of the air coolant reduction temperature effects, considering two different methods: a water surface exchanger (WSE) and a cold water injection (CWI). A logical development of these possible cooling system improvements is the steam cooling application, particularly suitable for mixed or combined gas-steam cycles; the steam cooling is evaluated using open and closed loop configurations; the possible interaction of steam and air cooling is also studied. All the simulation is realized with a family of modular codes developed by authors and the study is conducted with the analysis of the characteristic cooling parameters (efficiency, effectiveness) and by the evaluation of blade temperature distribution. The study is related to a typical configuration of heavy-duty rotor blade with a standard air cooling scheme and the possible variations are related to coolant characteristics only. The results show the interesting possibility due to air coolant temperature reductions, particularly for the CWI method, but the steam cooling turns out to be more incisive. All of the considered techniques show the possibility of a mass coolant reduction and/or the possibility of a maximum cycle temperature increase in comparison to the standard air-cooling. The best results are obtained for an innovative closed-open/steam-air cooling system.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1a - Articolo su rivista|
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