The effects of (−)-N1phenethyl-norcymserine (PEC, 5 mk/kg, i.p.) on acetylcholine release and cholinesterase activity in the rat cerebral cortex were compared with those of donepezil (1 mg/kg, i.p.), a selective acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, and rivastigmine (0.6 mg/kg, i.p.), an inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase. Acetylcholine extracellular levels were measured by microdialysis coupled with HPLC; acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase activity were measured with colorimetric and radiometric methods. It was found that comparable 2–3 fold increases in cortical extracellular acetylcholine level, calculated as areas under the curve, followed the administration of the three drugs at the doses used. At the peak of acetylcholine increase, a 27% acetylcholinesterase inhibition and no butyrylcholinesterase inhibition was found after donepezil (1 mg/kg, i.p) administration. At the same time point, rivastigmine (0.6 mg/kg, i.p.) inhibited acetylcholinesterase by 40% and butyrylcholinesterase by 25%. After PEC (5 mg/kg, i.p.) administration, there was a 39% butyrylcholinesterase inhibition and no effect on acetylcholinesterase. Since in the present study it was also confirmed that in the brain butyrylcholinesterase activity is only about 10% of acetylcholinesterase activity, it is surprising that its partial inhibition is sufficient to increase extracellular acetylcholine levels. The importance of butyrylcholinesterase as a “co-regulator” of synaptic acetylcholine levels should thus be reconsidered.

N(1)phenethyl-norcymserine, a selective butyrylcholinesterase inhibitor, increases acetylcholine release in rat cerebral cortex: A comparison with donepezil and rivastigmine / F. CERBAI; M.G. GIOVANNINI; C. MELANI;A. ENZ; G. PEPEU. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0014-2999. - ELETTRONICO. - 572(2007), pp. 142-150. [10.1016/j.ejphar.2007.06.053]

N(1)phenethyl-norcymserine, a selective butyrylcholinesterase inhibitor, increases acetylcholine release in rat cerebral cortex: A comparison with donepezil and rivastigmine.

GIOVANNINI, MARIA GRAZIA;PEPEU, GIANCARLO
2007

Abstract

The effects of (−)-N1phenethyl-norcymserine (PEC, 5 mk/kg, i.p.) on acetylcholine release and cholinesterase activity in the rat cerebral cortex were compared with those of donepezil (1 mg/kg, i.p.), a selective acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, and rivastigmine (0.6 mg/kg, i.p.), an inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase. Acetylcholine extracellular levels were measured by microdialysis coupled with HPLC; acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase activity were measured with colorimetric and radiometric methods. It was found that comparable 2–3 fold increases in cortical extracellular acetylcholine level, calculated as areas under the curve, followed the administration of the three drugs at the doses used. At the peak of acetylcholine increase, a 27% acetylcholinesterase inhibition and no butyrylcholinesterase inhibition was found after donepezil (1 mg/kg, i.p) administration. At the same time point, rivastigmine (0.6 mg/kg, i.p.) inhibited acetylcholinesterase by 40% and butyrylcholinesterase by 25%. After PEC (5 mg/kg, i.p.) administration, there was a 39% butyrylcholinesterase inhibition and no effect on acetylcholinesterase. Since in the present study it was also confirmed that in the brain butyrylcholinesterase activity is only about 10% of acetylcholinesterase activity, it is surprising that its partial inhibition is sufficient to increase extracellular acetylcholine levels. The importance of butyrylcholinesterase as a “co-regulator” of synaptic acetylcholine levels should thus be reconsidered.
572
142
150
F. CERBAI; M.G. GIOVANNINI; C. MELANI;A. ENZ; G. PEPEU
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2158/253177
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