We report on the observation of Bloch oscillations on the unprecedented time scale of several seconds. The experiment is carried out with ultracold bosonic Sr88 atoms loaded into a vertical optical standing wave. The negligible atom-atom elastic cross section and zero angular momentum in the ground state makes Sr88 an almost ideal Bose gas, insensitive to typical mechanisms of decoherence due to thermalization and external stray fields. The small size of the system enables precision measurements of forces at micrometer scale. This is a challenge in physics for studies of surfaces, Casimir effects, and searches for deviations from Newtonian gravity predicted by theories beyond the standard model.

Long-Lived Bloch Oscillations with Bosonic Sr Atoms and Application to Gravity Measurement at the Micrometer Scale / G. FERRARI; N. POLI; F. SORRENTINO; G.M. TINO. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS. - ISSN 0031-9007. - STAMPA. - 97:(2006), pp. 060402-1-060402-4. [10.1103/PhysRevLett.97.060402]

Long-Lived Bloch Oscillations with Bosonic Sr Atoms and Application to Gravity Measurement at the Micrometer Scale

POLI, NICOLA;SORRENTINO, FIODOR;TINO, GUGLIELMO MARIA
2006

Abstract

We report on the observation of Bloch oscillations on the unprecedented time scale of several seconds. The experiment is carried out with ultracold bosonic Sr88 atoms loaded into a vertical optical standing wave. The negligible atom-atom elastic cross section and zero angular momentum in the ground state makes Sr88 an almost ideal Bose gas, insensitive to typical mechanisms of decoherence due to thermalization and external stray fields. The small size of the system enables precision measurements of forces at micrometer scale. This is a challenge in physics for studies of surfaces, Casimir effects, and searches for deviations from Newtonian gravity predicted by theories beyond the standard model.
2006
97
060402-1
060402-4
G. FERRARI; N. POLI; F. SORRENTINO; G.M. TINO
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/256794
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