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|Titolo:||INSULIN INHIBITS PLATELET-DERIVED GROWTH FACTOR-INDUCED CELL PROLIFERATION|
|Autori interni:||CIRRI, PAOLO|
TADDEI, MARIA LETIZIA
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Rivista:||MOLECULAR BIOLOGY OF THE CELL|
|Abstract:||ABSTRACT Cellular behavior can be considered to be the result of a very complex spatial and temporal integration of intracellular and extracellular signals. These signals arise from serum-soluble factors as well as from cell–substrate or cell–cell interactions. The current approach in mitogenesis studies is generally to analyze the effect of a single growth factor on serum-starved cells. In this context, a metabolic hormone such as insulin is found to be a mitogenic agent in many cellular types. In the present study, we have considered the effect of insulin stimulation in platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-activated NIH-3T3 and C2C12 cells. Our results show that insulin is able to inhibit strongly both NIH-3T3 and C2C12 cell growth induced by PDGF, one of the most powerful mitotic agents for these cell types. This inhibitory effect of insulin is due primarily to a premature down-regulation of the PDGF receptor. Thus, when NIH-3T3 or C2C12 cells are stimulated with both PDGF and insulin, we observe a decrease in PDGF receptor phosphorylation with respect to cells treated with PDGF alone. In particular, we find that costimulation with insulin leads to a reduced production of H2O2 with respect to cell stimulation with PDGF alone. The relative low concentration of H2O2 in PDGF/insulin-costimulated cell leads to a limited down-regulation of protein tyrosine phosphatases, and, consequently, to a reduced PDGF receptor phosphorylation efficiency. The latter is very likely to be responsible for the insulin-dependent inhibition of PDGF-receptor mitogenic signaling.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1a - Articolo su rivista|
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