A succession of five fossiliferous levels near Buia in the northern Danakil (Afar) Depression of Eritrea has produced an abundant early Pleistocene fauna including a ca. 1.0 Ma cranium of Homo. Elephas is well represented at many sites; with one exception the entire Buia Elephas sample represents a relatively derived member of the Elephas recki lineage. Univariate and multivariate analysis of dental characters demonstrates that the Buia sample is intermediate between E. recki ileretensis (Koobi Fora, Ileret) and E. r. recki (Beds 3 and 4 at Olduvai). The biologic reality of the separation of E. recki into five chronologically successive subspecies is questionable. Our analysis supports the hypothesis that E. r. ileretensis and E. r. recki form a single phyletic lineage.

Fossil elephants (Proboscidea, Elephantidae) from Buia (Northern Afar depression, Eritrea) and the evolution of Elephas (Palaeoloxodon) recki / M. FERRETTI; G. FICCARELLI; Y. LIBSEKAL; T. M-TECLE; L. ROOK. - In: JOURNAL OF VERTEBRATE PALEONTOLOGY. - ISSN 0272-4634. - STAMPA. - 23:(2003), pp. 244-257.

Fossil elephants (Proboscidea, Elephantidae) from Buia (Northern Afar depression, Eritrea) and the evolution of Elephas (Palaeoloxodon) recki

FERRETTI, MARCO PETER;FICCARELLI, GIOVANNI;ROOK, LORENZO
2003

Abstract

A succession of five fossiliferous levels near Buia in the northern Danakil (Afar) Depression of Eritrea has produced an abundant early Pleistocene fauna including a ca. 1.0 Ma cranium of Homo. Elephas is well represented at many sites; with one exception the entire Buia Elephas sample represents a relatively derived member of the Elephas recki lineage. Univariate and multivariate analysis of dental characters demonstrates that the Buia sample is intermediate between E. recki ileretensis (Koobi Fora, Ileret) and E. r. recki (Beds 3 and 4 at Olduvai). The biologic reality of the separation of E. recki into five chronologically successive subspecies is questionable. Our analysis supports the hypothesis that E. r. ileretensis and E. r. recki form a single phyletic lineage.
2003
23
244
257
M. FERRETTI; G. FICCARELLI; Y. LIBSEKAL; T. M-TECLE; L. ROOK
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/309710
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