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|Titolo:||Stomal recurrences following total laryngectomy: clinical and molecular analysis of a series.|
|Autori interni:||SANTORO, ROBERTO|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Rivista:||ANNALS OF OTOLOGY RHINOLOGY AND LARYNGOLOGY|
|Abstract:||The aim of the present study was to analyze the risk features and to discuss the preventive measures and treatment of stomal recurrence (SR) after total laryngectomy (TL), and to investigate the clonal relationship between the primary and recurrent lesions. We reviewed a series of 25 patients affected by SR after TL for laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma. A subset of 7 coupled primary and recurrent carcinomas were examined for microsatellite alterations that were used as a marker of genetic lineage. The incidence of SR was higher in patients with initial subglottic lesions (subglottic, transglottic, or glottic-subglottic tumors) than in those with other locations of laryngeal cancer (p = .013). In addition, the frequency of SR was significantly higher in patients who underwent preoperative tracheotomy, performed 48 hours or more before the TL, than in the group of patients who did not receive preoperative tracheotomy (23.3% versus 0.46%, p < .001). According to microsatellite analysis, of the 5 informative patients, 2 demonstrated discordant alterations in the recurrent tumor indicative of clonal heterogeneity, 2 demonstrated identical alterations, and 1 showed an additional alteration in the recurrent tumor. Our analysis supports the hypothesis that a subset of SRs after TL may be second primary tumors, genetically unrelated to the primary laryngeal lesion.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1a - Articolo su rivista|
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