The adhesion of a recently described species, Acinetobacter venetianus VE-C3 (F. Di Cello, M. Pepi, F. Baldi, and R. Fani, Res. Microbiol. 148:237-249, 1997), to diesel fuel (a mixture of C12 to C28 n-alkanes) and n-hexadecane was studied and compared to that of Acinetobacter sp. strain RAG-1, which is known to excrete the emulsifying lipopolysaccharide, emulsan. Oxygen consumption rates, biomass, cell hydrophobicity, electrophoretic mobility, and zeta potential were measured for the two strains. The dropping-mercury electrode (DME) was used as an in situ adhesion sensor. In seawater, RAG-1 was hydrophobic, with an electrophoretic mobility (&mgr;) of -0.38 x 10(-8) m2 V-1 s-1 and zeta potential (zeta) of -4.9 mV, while VE-C3 was hydrophilic, with &mgr; of -0.81 x 10(-8) m2 V-1 s-1 and zeta of -10.5 mV. The microbial adhesion to hydrocarbon (MATH) test showed that RAG-1 was always hydrophobic whereas the hydrophilic VE-C3 strain became hydrophobic only after exposure to n-alkanes. Adhesion of VE-C3 cells to diesel fuel was partly due to the production of capsular polysaccharides (CPS), which were stained with the lectin concanavalin A (ConA) conjugated to fluorescein isothiocyanate and observed in situ by confocal microscopy. The emulsan from RAG-1, which was negative to ConA, was stained with Nile Red fluorochrome instead. Confocal microscope observations at different times showed that VE-C3 underwent two types of adhesion: (i) cell-to-cell interactions, preceding the cell adhesion to the n-alkane, and (ii) incorporation of nanodroplets of n-alkane into the hydrophilic CPS to form a more hydrophobic polysaccharide-n-alkane matrix surrounding the cell wall. The incorporation of n-alkanes as nanodroplets into the CPS of VE-C3 cells might ensure the partitioning of the bulk apolar phase between the aqueous medium and the outer cell membrane and thus sustain a continuous growth rate over a prolonged period.

Adhesion of acinetobacter venetianus to diesel fuel droplets studied with In situ electrochemical and molecular probes / F. Baldi; N. Ivosevic; A. Minacci; M. Pepi; R. Fani; V. Svetlicic; V. Zutic. - In: APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY. - ISSN 0099-2240. - STAMPA. - 65(1999), pp. 2041-2048.

Adhesion of acinetobacter venetianus to diesel fuel droplets studied with In situ electrochemical and molecular probes

FANI, RENATO;
1999

Abstract

The adhesion of a recently described species, Acinetobacter venetianus VE-C3 (F. Di Cello, M. Pepi, F. Baldi, and R. Fani, Res. Microbiol. 148:237-249, 1997), to diesel fuel (a mixture of C12 to C28 n-alkanes) and n-hexadecane was studied and compared to that of Acinetobacter sp. strain RAG-1, which is known to excrete the emulsifying lipopolysaccharide, emulsan. Oxygen consumption rates, biomass, cell hydrophobicity, electrophoretic mobility, and zeta potential were measured for the two strains. The dropping-mercury electrode (DME) was used as an in situ adhesion sensor. In seawater, RAG-1 was hydrophobic, with an electrophoretic mobility (&mgr;) of -0.38 x 10(-8) m2 V-1 s-1 and zeta potential (zeta) of -4.9 mV, while VE-C3 was hydrophilic, with &mgr; of -0.81 x 10(-8) m2 V-1 s-1 and zeta of -10.5 mV. The microbial adhesion to hydrocarbon (MATH) test showed that RAG-1 was always hydrophobic whereas the hydrophilic VE-C3 strain became hydrophobic only after exposure to n-alkanes. Adhesion of VE-C3 cells to diesel fuel was partly due to the production of capsular polysaccharides (CPS), which were stained with the lectin concanavalin A (ConA) conjugated to fluorescein isothiocyanate and observed in situ by confocal microscopy. The emulsan from RAG-1, which was negative to ConA, was stained with Nile Red fluorochrome instead. Confocal microscope observations at different times showed that VE-C3 underwent two types of adhesion: (i) cell-to-cell interactions, preceding the cell adhesion to the n-alkane, and (ii) incorporation of nanodroplets of n-alkane into the hydrophilic CPS to form a more hydrophobic polysaccharide-n-alkane matrix surrounding the cell wall. The incorporation of n-alkanes as nanodroplets into the CPS of VE-C3 cells might ensure the partitioning of the bulk apolar phase between the aqueous medium and the outer cell membrane and thus sustain a continuous growth rate over a prolonged period.
65
2041
2048
F. Baldi; N. Ivosevic; A. Minacci; M. Pepi; R. Fani; V. Svetlicic; V. Zutic
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/311597
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