Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate whether the vitamin D analogue KH 1060 could exert a suppressive action on Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). The chimeric anti-TNF-alpha monoclonal antibody (anti-TNF), alone or in combination with KH 1060, was also used. KH 1060 (0.01, 0.1, 1 nM) significantly inhibited cell proliferation, determined after 5 days by [3H]thymidine incorporation, when peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), obtained from healthy subjects, were stimulated with phytohaemagglutinin (PHA) and incubated for 24 h in the absence and in the presence of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). In the same experimental conditions, anti-TNF exerted a significant inhibition on PBMC proliferation, at the lowest doses (0.001, 0.01 microg/ml) in the absence of LPS, and at 0.001, 1, 10 microg/ml in its presence. A synergistic inhibition was registered combining KH 1060 and anti-TNF, at well-defined concentrations. 0.1 nM KH 1060 produced a significant decrease in TNF-alpha levels, determined by ELISA, although less remarkable than in the presence of anti-TNF. This decrease was synergistic, associating 0.1 nM KH 1060 and 0.1 microg/ml anti-TNF. VDR protein levels were increased by 0.1 nM KH 1060, 0.1 microg/ml anti-TNF or their combination. The protein levels of two oncogenes, Bax and Bcl-2, remained unchanged, when PBMC were incubated with KH 1060, anti-TNF or their combination in the absence of LPS, while, in its presence, an increase was registered. The demonstrated anti-TNF-alpha effect of KH 1060 may suggest for this compound an immunosuppressive action and the possibility to synergistically act with other drugs.

Biochemical effects of KH 1060 and anti-TNF monoclonal antibody on human peripheral blood mononuclear cells / M. STIO; C. TREVES; M. MARTINESI; A.G. BONANOMI. - In: INTERNATIONAL IMMUNOPHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 1567-5769. - STAMPA. - 5:(2005), pp. 649-659. [10.1016/j.intimp.2004.11.002]

Biochemical effects of KH 1060 and anti-TNF monoclonal antibody on human peripheral blood mononuclear cells

STIO, MARIA;TREVES, CRISTINA;
2005

Abstract

Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate whether the vitamin D analogue KH 1060 could exert a suppressive action on Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). The chimeric anti-TNF-alpha monoclonal antibody (anti-TNF), alone or in combination with KH 1060, was also used. KH 1060 (0.01, 0.1, 1 nM) significantly inhibited cell proliferation, determined after 5 days by [3H]thymidine incorporation, when peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), obtained from healthy subjects, were stimulated with phytohaemagglutinin (PHA) and incubated for 24 h in the absence and in the presence of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). In the same experimental conditions, anti-TNF exerted a significant inhibition on PBMC proliferation, at the lowest doses (0.001, 0.01 microg/ml) in the absence of LPS, and at 0.001, 1, 10 microg/ml in its presence. A synergistic inhibition was registered combining KH 1060 and anti-TNF, at well-defined concentrations. 0.1 nM KH 1060 produced a significant decrease in TNF-alpha levels, determined by ELISA, although less remarkable than in the presence of anti-TNF. This decrease was synergistic, associating 0.1 nM KH 1060 and 0.1 microg/ml anti-TNF. VDR protein levels were increased by 0.1 nM KH 1060, 0.1 microg/ml anti-TNF or their combination. The protein levels of two oncogenes, Bax and Bcl-2, remained unchanged, when PBMC were incubated with KH 1060, anti-TNF or their combination in the absence of LPS, while, in its presence, an increase was registered. The demonstrated anti-TNF-alpha effect of KH 1060 may suggest for this compound an immunosuppressive action and the possibility to synergistically act with other drugs.
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M. STIO; C. TREVES; M. MARTINESI; A.G. BONANOMI
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/321978
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