The study of the fate of transgenic and not transgenic extracellular DNA in soil is of extreme relevance because the soil extracellular DNA pool represents a genetic reservoir that could be utilized as a source of food by any heterotrophic microorganism or genetic information by recipient eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells. Several data have clearly evidenced that extracellular DNA could persist in soil for long time maintaining a sufficient integrity of the molecule. Recent microcosm studies under laboratory conditions have evidenced that extracellular DNA molecule could be leached or raised up by capillarity. The persistence and movement of extracellular DNA molecule in soil suggest that the genetic information of extracellular DNA could be taken up by microorganisms temporarily and spatially separated. Several authors have studied the persistence and transformation efficiency of the extracellular DNA in soil demonstrating that there is a sharp discrepancy between its biological efficiency and its persistence; fragments of target DNA were detected after a long time in soil but no transformations were determined probably because the genetic information originally present in the complete DNA molecule could be lost by degradation. It is also important to underline that the frequency of gene transfer in soil is markedly limited by the few number of bacteria able to develop competence and that this physiological state is reached only under certain conditions. Furthermore the dilution of the transgene in the soil extracellular DNA pool drastically decreases chances for the uptake of the transgene. Anyway the importance of transformation in evolutionary terms, represents a valid reason to continue the investigation on the fate of extracellular DNA in soil.

Persistence of Transgenic and not Transgenic Extracellular DNA in Soil and Bacterial Transformation / G.Pietramellara; M.T.Ceccherini; J.Ascher; P.Nannipieri. - In: RIVISTA DI BIOLOGIA. - ISSN 0035-6050. - STAMPA. - 99:(2006), pp. 37-68.

Persistence of Transgenic and not Transgenic Extracellular DNA in Soil and Bacterial Transformation

PIETRAMELLARA, GIACOMO;CECCHERINI, MARIA TERESA;ASCHER, JUDITH;NANNIPIERI, PAOLO
2006

Abstract

The study of the fate of transgenic and not transgenic extracellular DNA in soil is of extreme relevance because the soil extracellular DNA pool represents a genetic reservoir that could be utilized as a source of food by any heterotrophic microorganism or genetic information by recipient eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells. Several data have clearly evidenced that extracellular DNA could persist in soil for long time maintaining a sufficient integrity of the molecule. Recent microcosm studies under laboratory conditions have evidenced that extracellular DNA molecule could be leached or raised up by capillarity. The persistence and movement of extracellular DNA molecule in soil suggest that the genetic information of extracellular DNA could be taken up by microorganisms temporarily and spatially separated. Several authors have studied the persistence and transformation efficiency of the extracellular DNA in soil demonstrating that there is a sharp discrepancy between its biological efficiency and its persistence; fragments of target DNA were detected after a long time in soil but no transformations were determined probably because the genetic information originally present in the complete DNA molecule could be lost by degradation. It is also important to underline that the frequency of gene transfer in soil is markedly limited by the few number of bacteria able to develop competence and that this physiological state is reached only under certain conditions. Furthermore the dilution of the transgene in the soil extracellular DNA pool drastically decreases chances for the uptake of the transgene. Anyway the importance of transformation in evolutionary terms, represents a valid reason to continue the investigation on the fate of extracellular DNA in soil.
2006
99
37
68
G.Pietramellara; M.T.Ceccherini; J.Ascher; P.Nannipieri
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/333427
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