Recently, we have identifi ed a population of renal progenitor cells in human kidneys showing regenerative potential for injured renal tissue of SCID mice. We demonstrate here that among all known chemokine receptors, human renal progenitor cells exhibit high expression of both stromal-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) receptors, CXCR4 and CXCR7. In SCID mice with acute renal failure (ARF), SDF-1 was strongly up-regulated in resident cells surrounding necrotic areas. In the same mice, intravenously injected renal stem/progenitor cells engrafted into injured renal tissue decreased the severity of ARF and prevented renal fi brosis. These benefi cial effects were abolished by blocking either CXCR4 or CXCR7, which dramatically reduced the number of engrafting renal progenitor cells. However, although SDF-1 – induced migration of renal progenitor cells was only abolished by an anti-CXCR4 antibody, transendothelial migration required the activity of both CXCR4 and CXCR7, with CXCR7 being essential for renal progenitor cell adhesion to endothelial cells. Moreover, CXCR7 but not CXCR4 was responsible for the SDF-1 – induced renal progenitor cell survival. Collectively, these fi ndings suggest that CXCR4 and CXCR7 play an essential, but differential, role in the therapeutic homing of human renal progenitor cells in ARF, with important implications for the development of stem cell – based therapies.

Essential but differential role for CXCR4 and CXCR7 in the therapeutic homing of human renal progenitor cells / B. Mazzinghi; E. Ronconi; E. Lazzeri; C. Sagrinati; L. Ballerini; M. L. Angelotti; E. Parente; R. Mancina; G. S. Netti; F. Becherucci; M. Gacci; M. Carini; L. Gesualdo; M. Rotondi; E. Maggi; L. Lasagni; M. Serio; S. Romagnani; P. Romagnani. - In: JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 0022-1007. - STAMPA. - 205:(2008), pp. 479-490.

Essential but differential role for CXCR4 and CXCR7 in the therapeutic homing of human renal progenitor cells

MAZZINGHI, BENEDETTA;RONCONI, ELISA;LAZZERI, ELENA;SAGRINATI, COSTANZA;BALLERINI, LARA;M. Gacci;CARINI, MARCO;MAGGI, ENRICO;LASAGNI, LAURA;SERIO, MARIO;ROMAGNANI, SERGIO;ROMAGNANI, PAOLA
2008

Abstract

Recently, we have identifi ed a population of renal progenitor cells in human kidneys showing regenerative potential for injured renal tissue of SCID mice. We demonstrate here that among all known chemokine receptors, human renal progenitor cells exhibit high expression of both stromal-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) receptors, CXCR4 and CXCR7. In SCID mice with acute renal failure (ARF), SDF-1 was strongly up-regulated in resident cells surrounding necrotic areas. In the same mice, intravenously injected renal stem/progenitor cells engrafted into injured renal tissue decreased the severity of ARF and prevented renal fi brosis. These benefi cial effects were abolished by blocking either CXCR4 or CXCR7, which dramatically reduced the number of engrafting renal progenitor cells. However, although SDF-1 – induced migration of renal progenitor cells was only abolished by an anti-CXCR4 antibody, transendothelial migration required the activity of both CXCR4 and CXCR7, with CXCR7 being essential for renal progenitor cell adhesion to endothelial cells. Moreover, CXCR7 but not CXCR4 was responsible for the SDF-1 – induced renal progenitor cell survival. Collectively, these fi ndings suggest that CXCR4 and CXCR7 play an essential, but differential, role in the therapeutic homing of human renal progenitor cells in ARF, with important implications for the development of stem cell – based therapies.
2008
205
479
490
B. Mazzinghi; E. Ronconi; E. Lazzeri; C. Sagrinati; L. Ballerini; M. L. Angelotti; E. Parente; R. Mancina; G. S. Netti; F. Becherucci; M. Gacci; M. Carini; L. Gesualdo; M. Rotondi; E. Maggi; L. Lasagni; M. Serio; S. Romagnani; P. Romagnani
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/335972
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