Abstract In consideration of the close relationship between radicular cysts and alveolar bone, it is important to evaluate the potential involvement of the neighbouring bone tissue in such lesions. In the present study, using cytochemical, immunocytochemical and morphological analyses, presumptive osteoclast precursors were revealed in the connective tissue of radicular cyst capsules. The osteoclastic nature of these cells was postulated by their positive staining for the enzyme tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) and by the expression of vitronectin receptor (VnR) on their cell surface. However, these cells did not express the vacuolar-type proton pump, suggesting that they may represent early osteoclast precursors infiltrating the cyst capsule. Cysts also contained activated small blood vessels whose endothelial cells expressed the VnR. This integrin receptor is important in the adhesion of preosteoclasts to the endothelial lining, a necessary step for their emigration out of the vasculature. Therefore, the intracystic vessels could represent a substrate for preosteoclast recruitment. These precursor cells may then reach the perialveolar bone surface and contribute to bone demolition together with those recruited by the resorbing surfaces. The bone-destroying potential of radicular cysts was confirmed by the presence of numerous osteoclasts with large resorption areas on the perialveolar bone surfaces exposed to the cyst capsules. The resorbed surfaces were usually located around the vascular canals of the Haversian systems.
Radicular cysts are involved in the recruitment of osteoclast precursors / S. Zecchi-Orlandini; L. Formigli; M. Giannelli; M. Martini; P. Tonelli; M. L. Brandi; M. Bergamini; G. E. Orlandini. - In: JOURNAL OF ORAL PATHOLOGY & MEDICINE. - ISSN 0904-2512. - ELETTRONICO. - 25:(1996), pp. 325-330.