1 The effect of thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH) administration upon acetylcholine (ACh) release in freely moving rats was investigated by means of transversal microdialysis coupled to h.p.l.c. TRH administered either s.c. or via local perfusion increased the ACh release from the cortex and hippocampus but not from the striatum. The increase in ACh release was maintained after 7 days of s.c. administration of TRH. 2 After s.c. injection of the neuropeptide, the increase in ACh release was dose-dependent and reached a maximum at 40{min after administration. The maximal percentage increases were 18, 52, 66 and 89% at doses of 1, 2.5, 5 and lOmgkg-' and 35, 48 and 54% at doses of 2.5, 5 and lOmgkg-' in the cortex and hippocampus, respectively. The effect of TRH was dependent on neuronal activity since it was completely inhibited by perfusion with tetrodotoxin (TTX), 5 x 10- 7 M. 3 Perfusion with TRH, 2.5 pgpul-1, caused 198% and 150% increase in ACh release 60 and 80min after the beginning of the perfusion in the cortex and hippocampus, respectively. After this initial peak, a 100% increase in ACh release persisted throughout the perfusion. 4 Systemic TRH administration was followed by marked hyperactivity and stereotyped behaviour that showed a time course shorter than that of the increase in ACh release. 5 These findings demonstrate that TRH exerts a strong stimulant action on cortical and hippocampal cholinergic pathways.

Effect of thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH) on acetylcholine release from different brain areas investigated by microdialysis / Giovannini MG; Casamenti F; Nistri A; Paoli F; Pepeu G.. - In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0007-1188. - STAMPA. - 102:(1991), pp. 363-368.

Effect of thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH) on acetylcholine release from different brain areas investigated by microdialysis.

GIOVANNINI, MARIA GRAZIA;CASAMENTI, FIORELLA;PEPEU, GIANCARLO
1991

Abstract

1 The effect of thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH) administration upon acetylcholine (ACh) release in freely moving rats was investigated by means of transversal microdialysis coupled to h.p.l.c. TRH administered either s.c. or via local perfusion increased the ACh release from the cortex and hippocampus but not from the striatum. The increase in ACh release was maintained after 7 days of s.c. administration of TRH. 2 After s.c. injection of the neuropeptide, the increase in ACh release was dose-dependent and reached a maximum at 40{min after administration. The maximal percentage increases were 18, 52, 66 and 89% at doses of 1, 2.5, 5 and lOmgkg-' and 35, 48 and 54% at doses of 2.5, 5 and lOmgkg-' in the cortex and hippocampus, respectively. The effect of TRH was dependent on neuronal activity since it was completely inhibited by perfusion with tetrodotoxin (TTX), 5 x 10- 7 M. 3 Perfusion with TRH, 2.5 pgpul-1, caused 198% and 150% increase in ACh release 60 and 80min after the beginning of the perfusion in the cortex and hippocampus, respectively. After this initial peak, a 100% increase in ACh release persisted throughout the perfusion. 4 Systemic TRH administration was followed by marked hyperactivity and stereotyped behaviour that showed a time course shorter than that of the increase in ACh release. 5 These findings demonstrate that TRH exerts a strong stimulant action on cortical and hippocampal cholinergic pathways.
1991
102
363
368
Giovannini MG; Casamenti F; Nistri A; Paoli F; Pepeu G.
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/342761
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