The effect of introducing positive charges (lysines) in human cytochrome c (cyt c) on the redox properties and reaction rates of cyt c with superoxide radicals was studied. The mutated forms of this electron-transfer protein are used as sensorial recognition elements for the amperometric detection of the reactive oxygen radical. The proteins were prepared by site-directed mutagenesis focusing on amino acids near the heme edge. The 11 mutants of human cyt c expressed in the course of this research have been characterized by UV-vis spectroscopy, circular dichroism, and NMR spectroscopy to verify overall structure integrity as well as axial coordination of the heme iron. The mutants are investigated voltammetrically using promoter-modified gold electrodes with respect to redox activity and formal redox potential. The rate constants for the reaction with superoxide have been determined spectrophotometrically. Four mutants show a higher reaction rate with the radical as compared to the wild type. These mutants are used for the construction of superoxide sensors based on thiol-modified gold electrodes and covalently fixed proteins. We found that the E66K mutant-based electrode has a clearly higher sensitivity in comparison with the wild-type-based sensor while retaining the high selectivity and showing a good storage stability.

Cytochrome c mutants for superoxide biosensors / F. Wegerich; P. Turano; M. Allegrozzi; H. Moehwald; F. Lisdat. - In: ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 1520-6882. - STAMPA. - 15:(2009), pp. 2976-2984. [10.1021/ac802571h]

Cytochrome c mutants for superoxide biosensors

TURANO, PAOLA;ALLEGROZZI, MARCO;
2009

Abstract

The effect of introducing positive charges (lysines) in human cytochrome c (cyt c) on the redox properties and reaction rates of cyt c with superoxide radicals was studied. The mutated forms of this electron-transfer protein are used as sensorial recognition elements for the amperometric detection of the reactive oxygen radical. The proteins were prepared by site-directed mutagenesis focusing on amino acids near the heme edge. The 11 mutants of human cyt c expressed in the course of this research have been characterized by UV-vis spectroscopy, circular dichroism, and NMR spectroscopy to verify overall structure integrity as well as axial coordination of the heme iron. The mutants are investigated voltammetrically using promoter-modified gold electrodes with respect to redox activity and formal redox potential. The rate constants for the reaction with superoxide have been determined spectrophotometrically. Four mutants show a higher reaction rate with the radical as compared to the wild type. These mutants are used for the construction of superoxide sensors based on thiol-modified gold electrodes and covalently fixed proteins. We found that the E66K mutant-based electrode has a clearly higher sensitivity in comparison with the wild-type-based sensor while retaining the high selectivity and showing a good storage stability.
15
2976
2984
F. Wegerich; P. Turano; M. Allegrozzi; H. Moehwald; F. Lisdat
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/354932
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