Watermark detection, i.e., the detection of an invisible signal hidden within an image for copyright protection or data authentication, has classically been tackled by means of correlation-based techniques. Nevertheless, when watermark embedding does not obey an additive rule, or when the features the watermark is superimposed on do not follow a Gaussian pdf, correlation-based decoding is not the optimum choice. A new decoding algorithm is presented here which is optimum for nonadditive watermarks embedded in the magnitude of a set of full-frame DFT coefficients of the host image. By relying on statistical decision theory, the structure of the optimum decoder is derived according to the Neyman–Pearson criterion, thus permitting to minimize the missed detection probability subject to a given false detection rate. The validity of the optimum decoder has been tested thoroughly to assess the improvement it permits to achieve from a robustness perspective. The results we obtained confirm the superiority of the novel algorithm with respect to classical correlation-based decoding.

A New Decoder for the Optimum Recovery of Non-Additive Watermarks / M. Barni; F. Bartolini; A. De Rosa; A. Piva. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON IMAGE PROCESSING. - ISSN 1057-7149. - STAMPA. - 10 (5):(2001), pp. 755-766. [10.1109/83.918568]

A New Decoder for the Optimum Recovery of Non-Additive Watermarks

DE ROSA, ALESSIA;PIVA, ALESSANDRO
2001

Abstract

Watermark detection, i.e., the detection of an invisible signal hidden within an image for copyright protection or data authentication, has classically been tackled by means of correlation-based techniques. Nevertheless, when watermark embedding does not obey an additive rule, or when the features the watermark is superimposed on do not follow a Gaussian pdf, correlation-based decoding is not the optimum choice. A new decoding algorithm is presented here which is optimum for nonadditive watermarks embedded in the magnitude of a set of full-frame DFT coefficients of the host image. By relying on statistical decision theory, the structure of the optimum decoder is derived according to the Neyman–Pearson criterion, thus permitting to minimize the missed detection probability subject to a given false detection rate. The validity of the optimum decoder has been tested thoroughly to assess the improvement it permits to achieve from a robustness perspective. The results we obtained confirm the superiority of the novel algorithm with respect to classical correlation-based decoding.
2001
10 (5)
755
766
M. Barni; F. Bartolini; A. De Rosa; A. Piva
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/361333
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