We isolated and characterized four Bacillus subtilis competence-deficient mutants. The mutants were obtained by nitrosoguanidine mutagenesis and by screening for mutants unable to be transformed both on solid and in liquid medium. Most of the mutants obtained in this way were tested for their sensitivity to the DNA-damaging agents methyl methanesulfonate, mitomycin C, and UV light. Among the mutants which did not show an increased sensitivity to these agents, four were chosen for further characterization. Data were obtained which indicate that the mutants are reduced in chromosomal and plasmid transformation and in transfection, whereas they are not altered in transduction and in protoplast transformation. Transformation experiments carried out by mixing a culture of a mutant with a culture of a wild-type strain gave some complementation for competence with one of the strains. The mutants were also characterized for their capacity to bind, take up, and break down transforming DNA; furthermore, the four competence mutations were mapped, and the results indicate that they belong to four different genes.

Isolation and characterization of Bacillus subtilis mutants altered in competence / R. Fani; G. Mastromei; M. Polsinelli; G. Venema. - In: JOURNAL OF BACTERIOLOGY. - ISSN 0021-9193. - STAMPA. - 157(1984), pp. 152-157.

Isolation and characterization of Bacillus subtilis mutants altered in competence

FANI, RENATO;MASTROMEI, GIORGIO;POLSINELLI, MARIO;
1984

Abstract

We isolated and characterized four Bacillus subtilis competence-deficient mutants. The mutants were obtained by nitrosoguanidine mutagenesis and by screening for mutants unable to be transformed both on solid and in liquid medium. Most of the mutants obtained in this way were tested for their sensitivity to the DNA-damaging agents methyl methanesulfonate, mitomycin C, and UV light. Among the mutants which did not show an increased sensitivity to these agents, four were chosen for further characterization. Data were obtained which indicate that the mutants are reduced in chromosomal and plasmid transformation and in transfection, whereas they are not altered in transduction and in protoplast transformation. Transformation experiments carried out by mixing a culture of a mutant with a culture of a wild-type strain gave some complementation for competence with one of the strains. The mutants were also characterized for their capacity to bind, take up, and break down transforming DNA; furthermore, the four competence mutations were mapped, and the results indicate that they belong to four different genes.
157
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R. Fani; G. Mastromei; M. Polsinelli; G. Venema
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/3616
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