Background: Our goal was to verify whether behavioral and electrophysiological measures of visual object priming can differentiate between patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and elderlycontrol subjects.Methods: An identification-priming paradigm with spatially filtered stimuli was used. Subjectswere presented with complete forms of the stimuli in the study phase. In the subsequent test phase, studied items were repeated in an ascending sequence of spatially filtered stimuli, following a coarse-to-fine order. Event-related potentials and behavioral measures were recorded. Results: Behavioral priming effects were observed in the elderly and in MCI participants. None of the well-known event-related potential indices of stimulus repetition emerged in the MCI group. In elderly controls, stimulus repetition was associated with a frontal modulation, likely indexing familiarity. Priming effects in the MCI group were probably based on memory mechanisms altered by degenerative pathology. Conclusions: Event-related potentials hold great potential for the early detection of subjects at risk for dementia, because they may reveal possible functional brain abnormalities that are not detectable at clinical or behavioral levels. 2010 The Alzheimer’s Association. All rights reserved.

Atypical event-related potentials in MCI patients: an identification-priming study / Galli Giulia; Ragazzoni Aldo; Viggiano Maria Pia. - In: ALZHEIMER'S & DEMENTIA. - ISSN 1552-5279. - STAMPA. - 6:(2010), pp. 351-358. [10.1016/j.jalz.2009.05.664]

Atypical event-related potentials in MCI patients: an identification-priming study

Galli Giulia;Ragazzoni Aldo;Viggiano Maria Pia
2010

Abstract

Background: Our goal was to verify whether behavioral and electrophysiological measures of visual object priming can differentiate between patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and elderlycontrol subjects.Methods: An identification-priming paradigm with spatially filtered stimuli was used. Subjectswere presented with complete forms of the stimuli in the study phase. In the subsequent test phase, studied items were repeated in an ascending sequence of spatially filtered stimuli, following a coarse-to-fine order. Event-related potentials and behavioral measures were recorded. Results: Behavioral priming effects were observed in the elderly and in MCI participants. None of the well-known event-related potential indices of stimulus repetition emerged in the MCI group. In elderly controls, stimulus repetition was associated with a frontal modulation, likely indexing familiarity. Priming effects in the MCI group were probably based on memory mechanisms altered by degenerative pathology. Conclusions: Event-related potentials hold great potential for the early detection of subjects at risk for dementia, because they may reveal possible functional brain abnormalities that are not detectable at clinical or behavioral levels. 2010 The Alzheimer’s Association. All rights reserved.
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Galli Giulia; Ragazzoni Aldo; Viggiano Maria Pia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/371730
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