The strain diversity and the population structure of nosocomial Acinetobacter isolated from patients admitted to different hospitals in Florence, Italy, during a 3-year surveillance program, were investigated by amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP). The majority of isolates (84.5%) were identified as A. baumannii, confirming this species as the most common hospital Acinetobacter. Three very distinct A. baumannii clonal groups (A1, A2, and A3) were defined. The A1 isolates appeared to be genetically related to the wellcharacterized European EU II clone. A2 was responsible for three outbreaks which occurred in two intensive care units. Space/time population dynamic analysis showed that A1 and A2 were successful nosocomial clones. Most of the A. baumannnii isolates were imipenem resistant. The genetic determinants of carbapenem resistance were investigated by multiplex PCR, showing that resistance, independently of hospital origin, period of isolation, or clonal group, was associated with the presence of a bla OXA-58-like gene and with ISAba2 and ISAba3 elements flanking this gene. bla OXA-58 appeared to be horizontally transferred. This study showed that the high discriminatory power of AFLP is useful for identification and typing of nosocomial Acinetobacter isolates. Moreover the use of AFLP in a real-time surveillance program allowed us the recognition of clinically relevant and widespread clones and their monitoring in hospital settings. The correlation between clone diffusion, imipenem resistance, and the presence of the blaOXA-58-like gene is discussed

Molecular characterization of Acinetobacter isolates collected in intensive care units of six hospitals in Florence, Italy, during a 3-year surveillance program: a population structure analysis / F.DONNARUMMA; S.SERGI; C.INDORATO; G.MASTROMEI; R.MONNANNI; P.NICOLETTI; P.PECILE; D.CECCONI; R.MANNINO; S.BENCINI; R.FANCI; A.BOSI; E.CASALONE. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY. - ISSN 0095-1137. - STAMPA. - 48(2010), pp. 1297-1304.

Molecular characterization of Acinetobacter isolates collected in intensive care units of six hospitals in Florence, Italy, during a 3-year surveillance program: a population structure analysis

DONNARUMMA, FRANCESCA;INDORATO, CRISTINA;MASTROMEI, GIORGIO;MONNANNI, ROBERTO;CECCONI, DANIELA;MANNINO, ROBERTA;FANCI, ROSA;BOSI, ALBERTO;CASALONE, ENRICO
2010

Abstract

The strain diversity and the population structure of nosocomial Acinetobacter isolated from patients admitted to different hospitals in Florence, Italy, during a 3-year surveillance program, were investigated by amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP). The majority of isolates (84.5%) were identified as A. baumannii, confirming this species as the most common hospital Acinetobacter. Three very distinct A. baumannii clonal groups (A1, A2, and A3) were defined. The A1 isolates appeared to be genetically related to the wellcharacterized European EU II clone. A2 was responsible for three outbreaks which occurred in two intensive care units. Space/time population dynamic analysis showed that A1 and A2 were successful nosocomial clones. Most of the A. baumannnii isolates were imipenem resistant. The genetic determinants of carbapenem resistance were investigated by multiplex PCR, showing that resistance, independently of hospital origin, period of isolation, or clonal group, was associated with the presence of a bla OXA-58-like gene and with ISAba2 and ISAba3 elements flanking this gene. bla OXA-58 appeared to be horizontally transferred. This study showed that the high discriminatory power of AFLP is useful for identification and typing of nosocomial Acinetobacter isolates. Moreover the use of AFLP in a real-time surveillance program allowed us the recognition of clinically relevant and widespread clones and their monitoring in hospital settings. The correlation between clone diffusion, imipenem resistance, and the presence of the blaOXA-58-like gene is discussed
48
1297
1304
F.DONNARUMMA; S.SERGI; C.INDORATO; G.MASTROMEI; R.MONNANNI; P.NICOLETTI; P.PECILE; D.CECCONI; R.MANNINO; S.BENCINI; R.FANCI; A.BOSI; E.CASALONE
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2158/385816
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