The relationship between protein Z levels and thrombosis is controversial. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of the available studies to assess the association between protein Z and vascular thrombotic diseases. We conducted an electronic literature search through MedLine, Embase, Google Scholar, Web of Science, The Cochrane Library, bibliographies of retrieved articles and abstracts of congresses up to October, 2009. Studies were included if they analysed protein Z levels in patients with vascular thrombotic diseases. After the review process, 28 case-control studies (33 patient cohorts), including 4,218 patients with thrombotic diseases and 4,778 controls, were selected for analysis. The overall analysis using a random-effects model showed that low protein Z levels were associated with an increased risk of thrombosis (odds ratio [OR] 2.90, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.05-4.12; p<0.00001). On subgroup analysis, a significant association was found between low protein Z levels and arterial vascular diseases (OR 2.67, 95%CI 1.60-4.48; p=0.0002), pregnancy complications (OR 4.17, 95%CI 2.31-7.52; p<0.00001), and venous thromboembolic diseases (OR 2.18, 95%CI 1.19-4.00; p=0.01). The results of this meta-analysis are consistent with a role for protein Z deficiency in thrombotic diseases, including arterial thrombosis, pregnancy complications and venous thromboembolism.

A meta-analysis of potential risks of of low levels of protein Z for diseases related to vascular thrombosis / F.Sofi; F.Cesari; R.Abbate; G.F.Gensini; GJ. Broze; S.Fedi. - In: THROMBOSIS AND HAEMOSTASIS. - ISSN 0340-6245. - STAMPA. - 103:(2010), pp. 749-756. [10.1160/TH09-09-0645]

A meta-analysis of potential risks of of low levels of protein Z for diseases related to vascular thrombosis

SOFI, FRANCESCO;CESARI, FRANCESCA;ABBATE, ROSANNA;GENSINI, GIAN FRANCO;FEDI, SANDRA
2010

Abstract

The relationship between protein Z levels and thrombosis is controversial. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of the available studies to assess the association between protein Z and vascular thrombotic diseases. We conducted an electronic literature search through MedLine, Embase, Google Scholar, Web of Science, The Cochrane Library, bibliographies of retrieved articles and abstracts of congresses up to October, 2009. Studies were included if they analysed protein Z levels in patients with vascular thrombotic diseases. After the review process, 28 case-control studies (33 patient cohorts), including 4,218 patients with thrombotic diseases and 4,778 controls, were selected for analysis. The overall analysis using a random-effects model showed that low protein Z levels were associated with an increased risk of thrombosis (odds ratio [OR] 2.90, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.05-4.12; p<0.00001). On subgroup analysis, a significant association was found between low protein Z levels and arterial vascular diseases (OR 2.67, 95%CI 1.60-4.48; p=0.0002), pregnancy complications (OR 4.17, 95%CI 2.31-7.52; p<0.00001), and venous thromboembolic diseases (OR 2.18, 95%CI 1.19-4.00; p=0.01). The results of this meta-analysis are consistent with a role for protein Z deficiency in thrombotic diseases, including arterial thrombosis, pregnancy complications and venous thromboembolism.
2010
103
749
756
F.Sofi; F.Cesari; R.Abbate; G.F.Gensini; GJ. Broze; S.Fedi
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/386799
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