New neuron production throughout adulthood in granule cell layer (GCL) of rat hippocampus is a well-known phenomenon. A role of new neurons in hippocampal learning has been proposed, but the question is still open. A reduction of neural precursor proliferation in GCL of 2-month-old rats to about 20%, induced by the cytostatic agent methylazoxymethanol, was found to cause impairment in trace conditioning, suggesting a role of immature neurons in this kind of hippocampus-dependent learning (Shors et al., Hippocampus 2002;12:578-584). Neurogenesis decreases with increasing age. In this study, neural precursor proliferation and newborn cell survival were evaluated in GCL of adult rats within a range of ages following development and preceding old age. In 5-month-old rats, neural precursor proliferation was reduced to 57% and newborn cell survival was reduced to 40% in comparison to rats of 2 months of age; in 12-month-old rats, the decrease was to 5 and 4%, respectively. Consistently, the density of immature neurons decreased to 41 and 13% in 5- and 12-month-old rats, respectively. The role of neurogenesis in trace fear conditioning was studied in this natural model of neurogenesis depression. No impairment in trace fear conditioning was found both in 5- and 12-month-old rats in comparison to 2-month-old rats, notwithstanding the decrease of neurogenesis that is marked in 12-month-old rats. This finding shows that a lower rate of neurogenesis is sufficient for learning in 12-month-old rats in comparison to young rats.

Age-related naturally occuring depression of hippocampal neurogenesis does not affect trace fear conditioning / R. Cuppini; C. Bucherelli; P. Ambrogini; S. Ciuffoli; L.Orsini; P. Ferri; E. Baldi. - In: HIPPOCAMPUS. - ISSN 1050-9631. - STAMPA. - 16:(2006), pp. 141-148. [10.1002/hipo.20140]

Age-related naturally occuring depression of hippocampal neurogenesis does not affect trace fear conditioning

BUCHERELLI, CORRADO;BALDI, ELISABETTA
2006

Abstract

New neuron production throughout adulthood in granule cell layer (GCL) of rat hippocampus is a well-known phenomenon. A role of new neurons in hippocampal learning has been proposed, but the question is still open. A reduction of neural precursor proliferation in GCL of 2-month-old rats to about 20%, induced by the cytostatic agent methylazoxymethanol, was found to cause impairment in trace conditioning, suggesting a role of immature neurons in this kind of hippocampus-dependent learning (Shors et al., Hippocampus 2002;12:578-584). Neurogenesis decreases with increasing age. In this study, neural precursor proliferation and newborn cell survival were evaluated in GCL of adult rats within a range of ages following development and preceding old age. In 5-month-old rats, neural precursor proliferation was reduced to 57% and newborn cell survival was reduced to 40% in comparison to rats of 2 months of age; in 12-month-old rats, the decrease was to 5 and 4%, respectively. Consistently, the density of immature neurons decreased to 41 and 13% in 5- and 12-month-old rats, respectively. The role of neurogenesis in trace fear conditioning was studied in this natural model of neurogenesis depression. No impairment in trace fear conditioning was found both in 5- and 12-month-old rats in comparison to 2-month-old rats, notwithstanding the decrease of neurogenesis that is marked in 12-month-old rats. This finding shows that a lower rate of neurogenesis is sufficient for learning in 12-month-old rats in comparison to young rats.
16
141
148
R. Cuppini; C. Bucherelli; P. Ambrogini; S. Ciuffoli; L.Orsini; P. Ferri; E. Baldi
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Hippocampus.pdf

Accesso chiuso

Tipologia: Versione finale referata (Postprint, Accepted manuscript)
Licenza: DRM non definito
Dimensione 249.59 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
249.59 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in FLORE sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/387621
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 25
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 21
social impact