Low molecular weight heparin derivatives are characterized by low anti-coagulant activity and marked anti-inflammatory effects that allow for these molecules to be viewed as a new class of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). We show here that K5NOSepiLMW, an O-sulphated heparin-like semi-synthetic polymer of the D-glucuronic acid-N-acetyleparoson disaccharide unit with low molecular weight, has marked anti-inflammatory effects in a rat model of acute inflammation, the carrageenan-induced pleurisy, commonly used to test NSAID efficacy. A 30-min. pre-treatment with K5NOSepiLMW (0.1, 0.5 and 1 mg/kg b.wt., given intrapleurally) attenuated the recruitment of leucocytes in the lung tissue and the pleural exudate, inhibited the induction of inducible nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), thereby abating the generation of nitric oxide and pro-inflammatory prostaglandins such as PgE(2) and PGF(1alpha), reduced the inflammation-induced nitroxidative lung tissue injury, as shown by tissue thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances and nitrotyrosine, and blunted the local generation of cytokines such as interleukin-1beta and tumour necrosis factor-alpha. All these parameters were markedly increased by intrapleural carrageenan in the absence of any pre-treatment. The anti-inflammatory action of K5NOSepiLMW is specific, as judged by the lack of therapeutic effects of B4/110, a biologically inactive cognate polysaccharide, given in the place of the authentic molecule. Moreover, K5NOSepiLMW showed similar effects as celecoxib (1 mg/kg b.wt), a COX-2 inhibitor and well-known NSAID. This study provides further insight into the mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of heparin derivatives in inflammation and identifies K5NOSepiLMW as a novel, promising anti-inflammatory drug.

Anti-inflammatory effects of low molecular weight heparin derivative in a rat model of carrageenan-induced pleurisy / M.Ceccarelli; D. Bani ; L.Cinci; S. Nistri; C. Uliva; E. Ragazzo; A. Vannacci; M. Manoni; A.M. Gori; R. Abbate; G.F. Gensini; E. Masini.. - In: JOURNAL OF CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR MEDICINE. - ISSN 1582-1838. - STAMPA. - 13:(2009), pp. 2704-2712. [10.1111/j.1582-4934.2008.00658.x]

Anti-inflammatory effects of low molecular weight heparin derivative in a rat model of carrageenan-induced pleurisy.

BANI, DANIELE;CINCI, LORENZO;NISTRI, SILVIA;VANNACCI, ALFREDO;GORI, ANNA MARIA;ABBATE, ROSANNA;GENSINI, GIAN FRANCO;MASINI, EMANUELA
2009

Abstract

Low molecular weight heparin derivatives are characterized by low anti-coagulant activity and marked anti-inflammatory effects that allow for these molecules to be viewed as a new class of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). We show here that K5NOSepiLMW, an O-sulphated heparin-like semi-synthetic polymer of the D-glucuronic acid-N-acetyleparoson disaccharide unit with low molecular weight, has marked anti-inflammatory effects in a rat model of acute inflammation, the carrageenan-induced pleurisy, commonly used to test NSAID efficacy. A 30-min. pre-treatment with K5NOSepiLMW (0.1, 0.5 and 1 mg/kg b.wt., given intrapleurally) attenuated the recruitment of leucocytes in the lung tissue and the pleural exudate, inhibited the induction of inducible nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), thereby abating the generation of nitric oxide and pro-inflammatory prostaglandins such as PgE(2) and PGF(1alpha), reduced the inflammation-induced nitroxidative lung tissue injury, as shown by tissue thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances and nitrotyrosine, and blunted the local generation of cytokines such as interleukin-1beta and tumour necrosis factor-alpha. All these parameters were markedly increased by intrapleural carrageenan in the absence of any pre-treatment. The anti-inflammatory action of K5NOSepiLMW is specific, as judged by the lack of therapeutic effects of B4/110, a biologically inactive cognate polysaccharide, given in the place of the authentic molecule. Moreover, K5NOSepiLMW showed similar effects as celecoxib (1 mg/kg b.wt), a COX-2 inhibitor and well-known NSAID. This study provides further insight into the mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of heparin derivatives in inflammation and identifies K5NOSepiLMW as a novel, promising anti-inflammatory drug.
13
2704
2712
M.Ceccarelli; D. Bani ; L.Cinci; S. Nistri; C. Uliva; E. Ragazzo; A. Vannacci; M. Manoni; A.M. Gori; R. Abbate; G.F. Gensini; E. Masini.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2158/387742
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